Dependence nurturance and monotheism: a cross-cultural study

The Journal of Social Psychology Vol/Iss. 84(2) Routledge Published In Pages: 175-181
By Terry, Roger L.


Monotheism and dependence nurturance during childhood will be inversely related on a societal level. "Societies in which independence is stressed during childhood were hypothesized to evidence monotheistic beliefs, while societies in which dependence is nurtured were expected not to evidence monotheism (p.176)."


Monothesim was found to be associated with low dependence satisfaction (DS) and dependence socialization anxiety (DSA), supporting the hypothesis. This relationship was most evident in complex societies with advanced subsistence economy, a stratification system, and a sedentary settlement pattern (although apparent in simplex societies as well). Additionally, a parallel, but closer relationship, was found between monotheism and the combination of average satisfaction (AS) and average socialization anxiety (ASA) (Chi-square=5.452, p <0.02). This relationship was most obvious in complex societies, and hardly evident in simpler societies. "The inverse relationship between monotheism...and dependence nurturance, varying directly with dependence (or average) satisfaction and inversely with dependence (or average) socialization anxiety, supports our first hypothesis (p.179-180)."


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Chi-squareSupportedp < 0.05NAUNKNOWN