Dependence nurturance and monotheism: a cross-cultural study
The Journal of Social Psychology • Vol/Iss. 84(2) • Routledge • • Published In • Pages: 175-181 •
By Terry, Roger L.
Monotheism and dependence nurturance during childhood will be inversely related on a societal level. "Societies in which independence is stressed during childhood were hypothesized to evidence monotheistic beliefs, while societies in which dependence is nurtured were expected not to evidence monotheism (p.176)."
Monothesim was found to be associated with low dependence satisfaction (DS) and dependence socialization anxiety (DSA), supporting the hypothesis. This relationship was most evident in complex societies with advanced subsistence economy, a stratification system, and a sedentary settlement pattern (although apparent in simplex societies as well). Additionally, a parallel, but closer relationship, was found between monotheism and the combination of average satisfaction (AS) and average socialization anxiety (ASA) (Chi-square=5.452, p <0.02). This relationship was most obvious in complex societies, and hardly evident in simpler societies. "The inverse relationship between monotheism...and dependence nurturance, varying directly with dependence (or average) satisfaction and inversely with dependence (or average) socialization anxiety, supports our first hypothesis (p.179-180)."
|Chi-square||Supported||p < 0.05||NA||UNKNOWN|
|Variable Name||Variable Type||OCM Term(s)|
|Average Satisfaction||Independent||Techniques Of Socialization, Independence Training|
|Monotheism||Dependent||Spirits And Gods|
|Settlement Pattern||Control||Settlement Patterns|
|Social Stratification||Control||Classes, Social Stratification|
|Subsistence Economy||Control||Annual Cycle, Diet, Production And Supply|
|Dependence Satisfaction||Independent||Techniques Of Socialization, Independence Training|
|Dependence Nurturance||Independent||Techniques Of Socialization, Independence Training, Transmission Of Beliefs|
|Average Socialization Anxiety||Independent||Techniques Of Socialization, Transmission Of Cultural Norms, Transmission Of Beliefs|