Dimensions of a Complex Concept: A Method Exemplified

Human Organization Vol/Iss. 21(3) Society for Applied Anthropology Published In Pages: 214-218
By Hickman, John M.


Contrary to Robert Redfield's beliefs, there will be more than a single overriding factor in the "folk-urban continuum".


The analysis resulted in three independent factors: kinship organization, size complexity, and relative isolation. Kinship organization is composed of rules of residence and rules of descent. Size-complexity consists of the categories of subsistence group population of over 1000, full-time specialization of labor for surplus production, phonetic or alphabetic writing system, full-time priesthood, tribe or nation membership identification. Lastly, trade, a food source outside of fishing, hunting, or gatherings, and daily or frequent contact with other societies characterize relative isolation.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail