When does matriliny fail? The frequencies and causes of transitions to and from matriliny estimated from a de novo coding of a cross-cultural sample
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B • Vol/Iss. 374(1780) • Royal Society Publishing • • Published In • Pages: 1-15 •
By Shenk, Mary K., Begley, Ryan O., Nolin, David A., Swiatek, Andrew
Transitions away from matriliny are positively associated with increased social complexity, markers of colonialism, and subsistence transitions towards pastoralism, intensive agriculture, or a market economy.
Markers of colonialism included: introduction of outside judicial system, introduction of government officials, introduction of a foreign language. Markers of social complexity included: any stratification, total population about 10 000, any slavery. Markers of subsistence transition included: introduction of money, introduction of new animals. (p. 8) For a full list of all the variables tested see page 10 of the article.
|Bayesian double-logit model||Supported||UNKNOWN||UNKNOWN||UNKNOWN|
|Variable Name||Variable Type||OCM Term(s)|
|Social Complexity||Independent||Population, Slavery, Social Stratification|
|Transition from matriliny||Dependent||History And Culture Change, Rule Of Descent, Lineages|
|Colonialism||Independent||Acculturation And Culture Contact, External Relations|
|Subsistence Transition||Independent||Pastoral Activities, Agriculture|