Conflict Changes How People View God

Psychological Science Vol/Iss. 31(3) Sage Published In Pages: 280-292
By Caluori, Nava, Jackson, Joshua Conrad, Gray, Kurt, Gelfand, Michele


The salience of conflict is positively correlated with belief in a punitive (versus loving) God across cultures (283).


This hypothesis was tested across four different countries; Brazil, United States, Germany, and Singapore. Similar to study 1, this study also tested for loving god correlations as well as punitive god, however the findings regarding a loving god were not significant. Note that a number of different models were tested; we list results from only one model. For a complete list of variables tested see Table 2 on page 284 and Table 3 on page 285.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Multiple regressionSupportedp <.001b = .32 for conflictUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
ConflictIndependent Ingroup Antagonisms, Instigation Of War, Warfare
Punitive GodDependentReligious Beliefs, Spirits And Gods