Legacies of Islamic Rule in Africa: Colonial Responses and Contemporary Development

World Development Vol/Iss. 152 Elsevier Amsterdam Published In Pages: 105750
By Bauer, Vincent, Platas, Melina R., Weinstein, Jeremy M.


Contemporary health outcomes will be worse for ethnic groups historically ruled by Islamic kingdoms than for ethnic groups historically ruled by non-Islamic kingdoms. (5)


Infant mortality was used as a proxy for contemporary health outcomes. Results were also positive and significant for the local average treatment effect (LATE) of Islamic kingdoms on infant mortality in a subset of ethnic groups that neighbor non-Islamic kingdoms, as well as for the average treatment effect for the treated (ATT) in a subset with matched ethnic groups.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Infant MortalityDependentMortality
Historical Islamic KingdomsIndependentForm And Rules Of Government, Theological Systems