World Development • Vol/Iss. 152 • Elsevier • Amsterdam • Published In • Pages: 105750 •
Contemporary health outcomes will be worse for ethnic groups historically ruled by Islamic kingdoms than for ethnic groups historically ruled by non-Islamic kingdoms. (5)
Infant mortality was used as a proxy for contemporary health outcomes. Results were also positive and significant for the local average treatment effect (LATE) of Islamic kingdoms on infant mortality in a subset of ethnic groups that neighbor non-Islamic kingdoms, as well as for the average treatment effect for the treated (ATT) in a subset with matched ethnic groups.