Legacies of Islamic Rule in Africa: Colonial Responses and Contemporary Development

World Development Vol/Iss. 152 Elsevier Amsterdam Published In Pages: 105750
By Bauer, Vincent, Platas, Melina R., Weinstein, Jeremy M.


Contemporary educational attainment will be lower for ethnic groups historically ruled by Islamic kingdoms than for ethnic groups historically ruled by non-Islamic kingdoms. (5)


Number of school years was used as a proxy for contemporary economic activity. Results were negative and significant for the local average treatment effect (LATE) of Islamic kingdoms on school years in a subset of ethnic groups that neighbor non-Islamic kingdoms, as well as for the average treatment effect for the treated (ATT) in a subset with matched ethnic groups.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
RegressionMarginally supportedp<0.1UNKNOWNUNKNOWN