Water sharing is a distressing form of reciprocity: Shame, upset, anger, and conflict over water in twenty cross-cultural sites

American Anthropologist Vol/Iss. 124(2) Wiley Periodicals LLC Published In Pages: 279-290
By Wutich, Amber, Rosinger, Asher, Brewis, Alexandra, Beresford, Melissa, Young, Sera L., Household Water Insecurity Experiences Research Coordination Network


Households that neither gave or received water in the past 4 weeks have lower odds of reporting shame, upset, anger, or conflict than households that did one or both.


An unexpected result was that giving water increased the odds of reporting shame by 1.5 times. Receiving water was estimated to increase water-shame 2.5 times.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Mixed effects logistic regressionSupportedp< .05UNKNOWNUNKNOWN