Socioecology shapes child and adolescent time allocation in twelve hunter-gatherer and mixed-subsistence forager societies

Nature Scientific Reports Vol/Iss. 12(8054) Nature Published In Pages: 1-16
By Lew-Levy, Sheina, Reckin, Rachel, Kissler, Stephen M., Pretelli, Illaria, Boyette, Adam H., Crittenden, Alyssa N., Hagen, Renee V., Haas, Randall, Kramer, Karen L., Koster, Jeremy M., O'Brien, Matthew J., Sonoda, Koji, Surovell, Todd A., Stieglitz, Jonathan, Tucker, Bram, Lavi, Noa, Ellis-Davies, Kate, Davis, Helen E.


Children and adolescents do in less work when there is a higher dangerous mammal density and/or low water quality/quantity ratings.


The authors suggest that children work less (or are assigned less work) in high-risk ecologies in order to avoid potential injury or mortality. The model shows that both high dangerous mammal density and low water quality/quantity negatively predict child/adolescent participation in child care, and domestic work. Although the latter association is not strong, it is still claimed as significant.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Multilevel Multinomial Behavioral ModelSupport Claimedp<.05UNKNOWNUNKNOWN