Socioecology shapes child and adolescent time allocation in twelve hunter-gatherer and mixed-subsistence forager societies

Nature Scientific Reports Vol/Iss. 12(8054) Nature Published In Pages: 1-16
By Lew-Levy, Sheina, Reckin, Rachel, Kissler, Stephen M., Pretelli, Illaria, Boyette, Adam H., Crittenden, Alyssa N., Hagen, Renee V., Haas, Randall, Kramer, Karen L., Koster, Jeremy M., O'Brien, Matthew J., Sonoda, Koji, Surovell, Todd A., Stieglitz, Jonathan, Tucker, Bram, Lavi, Noa, Ellis-Davies, Kate, Davis, Helen E.


Gender differences in time allocated to food production and play in children/adolescents reflect the proportion of time that adult men and women contribute to food production.


The authors suggest that the amount of time that boys and girls contribute to food production may be influenced by societal gender divisions regarding food production. The model showed that only boys' participation in childcare seems to be negatively correlated with an increased adult male participation in food production.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Multilevel Multinomial Behavioral ModelPartially Supportedp<.05UNKNOWNUNKNOWN