Economic Development and Modernization in Africa Homogenize National Cultures

Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology Vol/Iss. 52(8-9) Sage Journals Published In Pages: 801-821
By Minkov, Michael, Kaasa, Anneli, Welzel, Christian


Ethnolinguistic groups within African nations will share ideologies about cultural modernization and emancipation.


The Pearson distance method failed to group ethnolinguistic groups in Nigeria and Sierra Leone, and the Euclidean distance method split some national clusters. Overall, the results indicate that this may simply be a measurement issue. An ANOVA run on the data produced by the cluster analysis showed that the nation in which an ethnolinguistic group played a significant role in determining its ideological position.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Cluster Analysis (Pearson and Euclidean distances), ANOVASupportedp<.05UNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Ethnolinguistic GroupIndependentIdentification, Linguistic Identification
African NationIndependentLocation