The ultimate coercive sanction

HRAF Press New Haven, CT Published In Pages: 1-164
By Otterbein, Keith F.


Centralized political systems are more likely to torture criminals (p.93).


Centralized political systems groups together all of the state societies and compares them to tribes without feuding, and tribes with feuding grouped with bands. Torturing criminals is rare altogether, with only 30% of societies for which there are data employing torture.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Kendall's TauSupportedp<.01tau-c=.37UNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Political SystemIndependentTerritorial Hierarchy, Form And Rules Of Government
Prevalence of TortureDependentSanctions