Stresses of COVID-19 and Expectations for the Future Among Women: A Cross Cultural Analysis According to the Femininity/Masculinity Dimension

Cross-Cultural Research Vol/Iss. Online only Sage Journals Published In Pages: 1-25
By Vollman, Manja, Todorova, Irina, Salewski, Christel, Neter, Efrat


Women experience different pandemic stressors in masculine and feminine cultures.


Women in more masculine cultures were more likely to report disorientation/confusion (p<0.01, Wald coefficient=10.38, odds ratio=1.025). Women in more feminine cultures were more likely to experience stressors related to relationships (p<0.01, Wald coefficient=7.91, odds ratio=0.986), fear/anger (p<0.05, Wald coefficient=6.53, odds ratio=0.987), and sadness/fatigue (p<0.01, Wald coefficient=8.73, odds ratio=0.983).


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Multivariate logistic regression analysesSupportedSee noteSee noteUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Women's COVID-19 stressorsDependentDisasters
Masculinity IndexIndependentGender Status, Gender Roles And Issues