Stresses of COVID-19 and Expectations for the Future Among Women: A Cross Cultural Analysis According to the Femininity/Masculinity Dimension

Cross-Cultural Research Vol/Iss. Online only Sage Journals Published In Pages: 1-25
By Vollman, Manja, Todorova, Irina, Salewski, Christel, Neter, Efrat


Women look forward to different things after the pandemic in masculine and feminine cultures.


Women in more masculine cultures were more likely to report looking forward to a return to daily activities (p<0.05, Wald coefficient=3.90, odds ratio=1.009). Women in more feminine cultures were more likely to report looking forward to social activities (p<0.05, Wald coefficient=4.92, odds ratio=0.989), life without restrictions (p<0.01, Wald coefficient=8.16, odds ratio=0.987), to a world with environmental and social justice (p<0.01, Wald coefficient=7.21, odds ratio=0.982), and a revival of work and the economy (p<0.1, Wald coefficient=3.81, odds ratio=0.986).


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Multivariate logistic regression analysesSupportedSee noteSee noteUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Masculinity IndexIndependentGender Status, Gender Roles And Issues
Women's COVID-19 reactionsDependentDisasters