The antecedents of child training: a cross-cultural test of some hypotheses

Mothers of six cultures: antecedents of child rearing John Wiley and Sons New York Published In Pages: 164-175, 343-346
By Minturn, Leigh, Lambert, William


Mothers who raise their children in multiple family dwellings rather than in private dwellings will tend to be more controlled emotionally, as evidenced by low levels of warmth, hostility, praise, and punishment.


Nonsignificant trends: mothers in multiple-family dwellings have less warmth, hostility, praise and punishment, but they are more permissive (168). An alternative interpretation is that the multiple-dwelling mothers pursue a policy of laissez faire.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Comparison of percentagesNot SupportedNot SignificantUNKNOWNUNKNOWN

Related Hypotheses

Main AuthorHypothesis
Ember, Carol R.In a multiple regression analysis comparing the strongest predictors of violence, warfare will be a significant predictor of homicide/assault (15).
Ember, Carol R.Frequency of warfare will be related to parental hostility, overall parental warmth, father-infant sleeping proximity, and socialization for aggression in boys in late childhood (632)
Whiting, John W.M.". . . societies with multiple-roomed dwellings usually have extended families, status distinctions, or both" (122)
Barry III, HerbertFrequent violent crimes by individuals are associated with the following five formative experiences: (1) The mother is not the principal caretaker during infancy; (2) The mother is the principal caretaker during early childhood; (3) Obedience by boys is weakly required during middle childhood; (4) Corporal punishment of boys is frequent during late childhood; (5) Premarital sexual intercourse by females is prohibited (71-72)
Minturn, Leigh". . . mothers who contribute to the family income, and who therefore have extensive duties other than child care, are less permissive about insubordination from their children than are mothers who are less burdened with chores that are unrelated to their children" (172)