Correlations of exploitative and settlement patterns

Bulletin of the National Museum of Canada Vol/Iss. 230 Published In Pages: 129-146
By Murdock, George Peter


"Societies with gathering, hunting, and pastoral economies tend to be nomadic or seminomadic [while societies with fishing, horticulture and agriculture economies tend to be semisedentary or sedentary]" (144)


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Comparison of raw scoresSupportedUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Settlement PatternDependentSettlement Patterns
Subsistence EconomyIndependentDiet, Production And Supply

Related Hypotheses

Main AuthorHypothesis
Murdock, George PeterPatrilineal descent clearly reflects the domenstication of large animals as shown by its occurrence among pastoral societies, as well as by the importance of domesticated animals in the economies of 21 of the 44 agricultural mercantile societies which are patrilineal (275)
Robbins, Michael C. "House ground plans [are] related to relative permanence of settlement pattern; . . . circular ground plans will tend to be associated with relatively impermenent or mobile settlement patterns, rectangular ground plans with more permanent or sedentary community settlement patterns" (7)
Murdock, George Peter"[Size of community is related to subsistence economy]. Local communities tend to be very small in gathering, hunting, pastoral, and fishing societies. . . . Horticulturalists and extensive cereal cultivators occupy . . . larger settlements . . . and intensive agriculturalists [have largest communities]"
Child, Irvin L. "Societies with sex differences [in drinking] tend to have a nomadic or rural settlement pattern, economy based on hunting, less accumulation of food resources, stronger child training toward achievement and more punishment of child for failure to achieve" (59)
Field, Peter B.". . . Tribes with very primitive hunting and gathering economies tend to have more drunkenness than tribes with more advanced herding and agricultural economies" (52)