Peace between participatory polities: a cross-cultural test of the "democracies rarely fight each other" hypothesis
World Politics • Vol/Iss. 44 • Published In • Pages: 573-599 •
By Ember, Carol R., Ember, Melvin, Russett, Bruce
"Political units with wider political participation engage in less warfare with one another than do less participatory political units" (579).
All variables except checks on power were significant predictors of internal warfare. Data were tested on all societies, local-level polities only, and polities with multilocal authority. Results were significant in all cases.
|Variable Name||Variable Type||OCM Term(s)|
|Absence Of Fission||Independent||Ingroup Antagonisms|
|Checks On Power||Independent||Community Councils, Community Heads|
|Consultation||Independent||Community Councils, Community Heads|
|Extent Of Participation||Independent||Community Councils, Community Heads|
|Frequency Of Internal Warfare||Dependent||Ingroup Antagonisms, Instigation Of War|
|Multilocal Participation||Independent||Form And Rules Of Government|
|Removal Of Leaders||Independent||Community Councils, Community Heads|