Settlement patterns and community organization: cross-cultural codes 3

Ethnology Vol/Iss. 11 Published In Pages: 254-295
By Murdock, George Peter, Wilson, Suzanne F.


In correlating descent with prevailing subsistence economy the distribution of cases refutes two evolutionary 19th century assumptions: 1) Matrilineal priority--there was only 1 case in 25 of matrilineal descent among hunter-gatherers 2) unilinear descent during the millenia when men subsisted by food-gathering in absence of agriculture and animal husbandry. 84 percent of hunter-gatherers are characterized by cognatic descent (275)


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Comparison of raw scoresSupportedUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Rule Of DescentUNKNOWNRule Of Descent, Kindreds And Ramages
Subsistence EconomyUNKNOWNProduction And Supply