Scars for war: evaluating alternative signaling explanations for cross-cultural variance in ritual costs

Evolution and Human Behavior Vol/Iss. 28 Published In Pages: 234-247
By Sosis, Richard, Kress, Howard C., Boster, James S.


In polygynous societies, stratification is negatively associated with costly male rites.


Controlling on warfare frequency, stratification in polygynous societies remains a significant negative predictor. Controlling on subsistence type, stratification is not significant.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
ANOVAPartially supportedp<.05UNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Male Rites, CostlyDependentPuberty And Initiation
StratificationIndependentSocial Stratification