Social contact versus bodily contact: a qualitative difference between father and mother for the son's masculine identity

Behavior Science Research Vol/Iss. 13 Published In Pages: 273-285
By Kitahara, Michio


For societies in which the mother and son do not sleep in the same bed, father-son sleeping distance will be more weakly associated with circumcision than in societies where the mother and son sleep in the same bed (281).


Fisher's exact test shows that for societies with separate beds for mothers and babies, the likelihood of circumcision does not differ with father-son sleeping distance. This is compared to the importance of father-son sleeping distance for circumcision when mothers and babies sleep together (previous hypothesis).


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Fisher’s exact testSupportedNot SignificantUNKNOWNOne-tailed


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
CircumcisionDependentBody Alterations
Parent-child Sleeping ArrangementsIndependentSleeping, Infant Care

Related Hypotheses