The social structure of grandparenthood

American Anthropologist Vol/Iss. 58(4) Blackwell Publishing Ltd Published In Pages: 656-663
By Apple, Dorrian


"If the grandchildren's relation with one set of grandparents has less friendly equality than with the other, the former grandparents will be those related to the grandchildren through the parent who possesses (or whose lineage member possesses) more household authority in the nuclear family" (657)


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Fisher’s exact testSupportedp<.001UNKNOWNUNKNOWN

Related Hypotheses

Main AuthorHypothesis
Apple, Dorrian"For societies in which the relationships of grandchildren are the same with both sets of grandparents, . . . when the grandparental generation continues to exercise considerable authority over the parental generation after the grandchildren are born, the relation of the grandchildren to the grandparents will not be one of friendly equality . . . ; when there is no such authority, there will be friendly equality" (657)
Textor, Robert B.In societies where the household authority is on the father's side, instead of the mother's side, polygynous marriage will be occasional or common (242, 254).
Stewart, Robert A. C.Findings: A factor analysis of key dimensions to describe a given culture yielded 12 factors. Factor 4, "paternal authority", loaded highly and positively on household authority with father; high early aggression satisfaction potential; and patrilocal marital residence. Factor 4 loaded highly and negatively on desert grasses; matrilocal marital residence; Athabaskan linguistic affiliation; high anal socialization anxiety; modesty training six years or higher; and matrilineal kin group (58)
Strassmann, Beverly I.Survival of the maternal grandparents, rather than paternal grandparents, will be associated with grandchild survival (201).
Herzog, John D."The number of people in the household seems directly, rather than inversely, related to the presence of instruction ouside of it" (315)