Matrilineal descent in cross-cultural perspective

Matrilineal Kinship University of California Press Berkeley Published In Pages: 655-727
By Aberle, David F.


". . . stratification is closely connected with subsistence type. . . . 'Plough agriculture' shows the highest stratification, 'African horticulture' next, 'dominant horticulture' next, and 'other horticulture' next, in the agricultural series. 'Pastoralism' shows a level intermediate between 'plough agriculture' and 'African horticulture,' somewhat similar to its position in table 17-5. 'New World pastoralism' and 'extraction' bring up the bottom of the list" (694, 698)


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Comparison of percentagesSupportedUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
StratificationAssociationSocial Stratification
Subsistence TypeAssociationProduction And Supply

Related Hypotheses

Main AuthorHypothesis
Aberle, David F."[If political integration is dichotomized into systems with authoritative regulation above the community level and systems at or below the community level] it is possible to see a regular progression among the systems with any agricultural base. As we go from 'plough' agriculture to 'African horticulture,' and thence to 'dominant horticulture' and 'other horticulture,' the percentage of cases at or below the community level rises regularly . . ." (681)
Gershman, BorisIn weakly institutionalized traditional societies, the evil eye belief will be associated with modes of production.
Evascu, Thomas L."[Mode of marriage is related to subsistence]: brideservice is related to hunting and gathering . . . bridewealth relates to horticulture, extensive agriculture and pastoralism . . . and dowry is related to intensive agriculture and industrialism" (177-188)
Byrne, BryanBecause potters rely on their craft for subsistence rather than relying on agriculture, horticulture, pastoralism, hunting, or fishing, the odds that potters are exclusively or predominantly female will decrease (235)
Koning, NiekSemi-sedentary foraging, and-tool horticulture, plow agriculture, and pastoralism will be positively associated with witchcraft belief (p. 163).