Found 2136 Hypotheses across 214 Pages (0.009 seconds)
  1. Childhood familiarity theory predicts that the more community endogamy, the more likely the prohibition of first-cousin marriage.Ember, Melvin - On the origin and extension of the incest taboo, 1975 - 2 Variables

    This paper seeks to explain the presence of the incest taboo, and its occasional extension to first cousins. After considering prevailing theories logically, the author conducts tests of the three prevailing theories, and concludes that inbreeding theory is both the most logically sound and is best supported by ethnographic evidence. The author subsequently addresses possible exceptions to this theory, and includes a mathematical model which suggests that early expanding agricultural populations may have been able to notice the deleterious effects of inbreeding.

    Related HypothesesCite
  2. "Hawaiian kin terms . . . are associated with the prohibition on [cross] cousin marriage" (136)Goody, Jack - Cousin terms, 1970 - 2 Variables

    This article tests hypotheses related to kinship terms, cousin marriage, and descent rules. Omaha, Crow, Eskimo, and Iroquois systems are each significantly associated with different kinship rules. Material from Northern Ghana is also considered.

    Related HypothesesCite
  3. Kin control over marriage will be positively associated with restrictiveness of premarital sex norms (120).Schlegel, Alice - Adolescence: an anthropological inquiry, 1991 - 2 Variables

    This book discusses the characteristics of adolescence cross-culturally and examines the differences in the adolescent experience for males and females. Several relationships are tested in order to gain an understanding of cross-cultural patterns in adolescence.

    Related HypothesesCite
  4. ". . . marriage and extramarital relations with affinal relatives [in the same consanguineal group as Ego] are . . . prohibited" (310)Murdock, George Peter - Social structure, 1949 - 3 Variables

    This book is a comprehensive analysis of many aspects of social structure including family, clan, community, kinship terminology, social organization, regulation of sex, incest taboos, and sexual choice.

    Related HypothesesCite
  5. "The further a son moves away from his parents at marriage, the more likely a society is to use dreams to seek and control supernatural powers" (322).D'Andrade, Roy G. - Anthropological studies of dreams, 1961 - 2 Variables

    This article proposes that societal factors that cause anxiety concerning isolation and self-reliance leads to a preoccupation with dreams. Authors test associations between subsistence economy and marital residence and the use of dreams to seek and control supernatural powers.

    Related HypothesesCite
  6. ". . . in societies in which fraternal authority characterizes the domestic group, there will be an emphasis upon sibling incest; . . . in societies in which the husband has authority over the domestic group, the emphasis will be upon father-daughter incest" (12)Schlegel, Alice - Male dominance and female autonomy: domestic authority in matrilineal societies, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This book examines male and female power in various kinship configurations. Variables for male dominance and female autonomy are associated with various political and social variables, such as political complexity and co-wife jealousy. Several hypotheses are supported.

    Related HypothesesCite
  7. First cousin marriage is more common in middle-sized societies undergoing depopulation.Ember, Melvin - On the origin and extension of the incest taboo, 1975 - 3 Variables

    This paper seeks to explain the presence of the incest taboo, and its occasional extension to first cousins. After considering prevailing theories logically, the author conducts tests of the three prevailing theories, and concludes that inbreeding theory is both the most logically sound and is best supported by ethnographic evidence. The author subsequently addresses possible exceptions to this theory, and includes a mathematical model which suggests that early expanding agricultural populations may have been able to notice the deleterious effects of inbreeding.

    Related HypothesesCite
  8. "Societies in which marriage is allowed or preferred with mother's brother's daughter but forbidden or disapproved with father's sister's daughter will be societies possessing patrilineal kin groups [matrilineal societies prefer FSD marriage]" (223).Homans, George C. - Marriage, authority, and final causes: a study of unilateral cross-cousin ma..., 1962 - 2 Variables

    The authors review and provide an alternative to Levi-Strauss's theory on unilateral cross-cousin marriage. Levi-Strauss theorized that matrilateral cross-cousin marriage (males marrying their maternal uncles' daughters) occurs more than the patrilateral form because the former promotes more "roundabout" woman-giving and overall social solidarity. He also states that the form of cross-cousin marriage does not depend on kinship linearity. In contrast, the present authors hypothesize that, among societies with unilateral cross-cousin marriage, patrilineal societies will have matrilateral cross-cousin marriage and matrilineal societies will have the patrilateral form. To justify their prediction, the authors point to the close, informal relationships fostered between males and their maternal uncles in patrilineal societies and between males and their paternal aunts in matrilineal societies.

    Related HypothesesCite
  9. The models of change of age- and sex- distinctions of Austronesian sibling terminologies will have independent evolutionary trajectories.Jordan, Fiona M. - A phylogenetic analysis of the evolution of Austronesian sibling terminologies, 2011 - 2 Variables

    Using Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian phylogenetic comparative methods, this study aims to answer how cultural meanings and linguistic forms develop in kinship terminology focusing on sibling terminology. It tests sequential models of change of sibling terminologies among the Austronesian language family to reconstruct: the historical state and evolutionary change of relative age and relative sex; whether these distinctions have independent or dependent evolutionary trajectories; and whether opposite-sex distinctions might have developed when no such distinction previously existed. The results suggest that the trajectories are independent and that there was an initial absence of relative sex distinction. Other findings are that the transitions from absence to complex elaborated terminologies and the disruption of elaborate distinctions are very unusual.

    Related HypothesesCite
  10. The models of change of age- and sex- distinctions of Austronesian sibling terminologies will have dependent evolutionary trajectories.Jordan, Fiona M. - A phylogenetic analysis of the evolution of Austronesian sibling terminologies, 2011 - 2 Variables

    Using Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian phylogenetic comparative methods, this study aims to answer how cultural meanings and linguistic forms develop in kinship terminology focusing on sibling terminology. It tests sequential models of change of sibling terminologies among the Austronesian language family to reconstruct: the historical state and evolutionary change of relative age and relative sex; whether these distinctions have independent or dependent evolutionary trajectories; and whether opposite-sex distinctions might have developed when no such distinction previously existed. The results suggest that the trajectories are independent and that there was an initial absence of relative sex distinction. Other findings are that the transitions from absence to complex elaborated terminologies and the disruption of elaborate distinctions are very unusual.

    Related HypothesesCite