Found 2393 Hypotheses across 240 Pages (0.005 seconds)
  1. Infant care will be different among societies which foster parent-infant body contact and those that do not (595).Lozoff, Betsy - Birth and 'bonding' in non-industrial societies, 1983 - 4 Variables

    This study examines the presence of parent-infant body contact at birth in non-industrial societies and its effects on subsequent infant care. The results show that immediate parent-infant contact is not common among most societies and does not have a significant effect on the quality of infant care.

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  2. A characteristic infant-care pattern existed during most of human history (478).Lozoff, Betsy - Infant care: cache or carry, 1979 - 2 Variables

    This article tests a hypothesis regarding patterns of infant care in non-industrial societies. The authors find that a consistent pattern of infant care that emphasizes mother-infant contact exists among hunter-gatherers and other non-industrial societies. These infant care practices differ from those found in the United states that do not promote extensive infant-mother contact.

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  3. Plow agriculture will be negatively associated with presence of polygyny (265).Korotayev, Andrey V. - Explaining current fertility dynamics in tropical Africa from an anthropolog..., 2016 - 2 Variables

    This paper presents tests of the relationships between tropical African agriculture and cultural variables regulating reproduction in order to examine a theory which suggests that the lagging or absence of tropical Africa's demographic transition is the result of pervasive 'pro-natal' cultural practices. Strength of association between these factors and non-plow agriculture, the traditional method of farming in tropical Africa, leads the authors to suggest that women's larger subsistence role in these societies favors extended family households in which child-rearing responsibilities can be shared, and polygynous marriage systems in which co-wives can contribute substantially to the family's labor productivity. These, along with erosion of regulations on postpartum sex and birth spacing which were prevalent prior to modernization, are identified as characterstics which have and will continue to resist fertility decline.

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  4. Polygyny will be positively associated with length of postpartum sex taboo (267).Korotayev, Andrey V. - Explaining current fertility dynamics in tropical Africa from an anthropolog..., 2016 - 2 Variables

    This paper presents tests of the relationships between tropical African agriculture and cultural variables regulating reproduction in order to examine a theory which suggests that the lagging or absence of tropical Africa's demographic transition is the result of pervasive 'pro-natal' cultural practices. Strength of association between these factors and non-plow agriculture, the traditional method of farming in tropical Africa, leads the authors to suggest that women's larger subsistence role in these societies favors extended family households in which child-rearing responsibilities can be shared, and polygynous marriage systems in which co-wives can contribute substantially to the family's labor productivity. These, along with erosion of regulations on postpartum sex and birth spacing which were prevalent prior to modernization, are identified as characterstics which have and will continue to resist fertility decline.

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  5. When the father sleeps in a separate hut, mother-baby sleeping arrangements (in same or separate beds) will only be weakly associated with circumcision (279).Kitahara, Michio - Social contact versus bodily contact: a qualitative difference between fathe..., 1978 - 2 Variables

    This article draws on psychoanalytic theory and a previous study by Whiting (1964) to test the relationship between parent-child sleeping arrangements, particularly the implied social distance of fathers, and the presence of circumcision for males. Circumcision is assumed to be a social correction for mother-oriented personality in sons.

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  6. For societies in which the mother and son do not sleep in the same bed, father-son sleeping distance will be more weakly associated with circumcision than in societies where the mother and son sleep in the same bed (281).Kitahara, Michio - Social contact versus bodily contact: a qualitative difference between fathe..., 1978 - 2 Variables

    This article draws on psychoanalytic theory and a previous study by Whiting (1964) to test the relationship between parent-child sleeping arrangements, particularly the implied social distance of fathers, and the presence of circumcision for males. Circumcision is assumed to be a social correction for mother-oriented personality in sons.

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  7. Polygynous societies that engage in a long postpartum sexual taboo will be positively associated with male circumcision at puberty when the factor of living-quarter arrangements is controlled (206)Kitahara, Michio - Polygyny: insufficient father-son contact and son's masculine identity, 1976 - 4 Variables

    The purpose of this article is to examine circumcision and segregation of males at puberty. It is suggested that when the son has insufficient contact with his father due to the separation caused by polygynous relationships, the son may develop a feminine personality. The significance of this is compared with the significance of a close mother-son relationship.

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  8. Polygynous societies, where cowives and their children live in separate quarters, will be positively associated with male circumcision at puberty when the factor of the length of a postpartum sexual taboo is controlled (207)Kitahara, Michio - Polygyny: insufficient father-son contact and son's masculine identity, 1976 - 4 Variables

    The purpose of this article is to examine circumcision and segregation of males at puberty. It is suggested that when the son has insufficient contact with his father due to the separation caused by polygynous relationships, the son may develop a feminine personality. The significance of this is compared with the significance of a close mother-son relationship.

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  9. Societies in which mother and son sleep in the same bed and the father sleeps in another hut/village will be more likely to have male circumcision than societies in which the father sleeps in the same hut (280).Kitahara, Michio - Social contact versus bodily contact: a qualitative difference between fathe..., 1978 - 2 Variables

    This article draws on psychoanalytic theory and a previous study by Whiting (1964) to test the relationship between parent-child sleeping arrangements, particularly the implied social distance of fathers, and the presence of circumcision for males. Circumcision is assumed to be a social correction for mother-oriented personality in sons.

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  10. "Women avoid their parents-in-law in the same type of situation [as men do], and in addition they are likely to avoid if the mother's brother has no role to play" (313)Sweetser, Dorrian Apple - Avoidance, social affiliation, and the incest taboo, 1966 - 4 Variables

    This article examines parent-in-law avoidance in non-industrial societies. The author suggests that in-law avoidance is associated with characteristics of kinship structure, such as lineality, residence and family type. A psychological interpretation is also offered. Results support hypotheses relating to kinship structure.

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