Found 3250 Hypotheses across 325 Pages (0.039 seconds)
  1. "Long postpartum taboo will be more frequent in societies requiring bridewealth or exchange of a female relative to obtain a wife" (243)Saucier, Jean-Francois - Correlates of the long post-partum taboo: a cross-cultural study, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This study investigates correlates of the post-partum sex taboo. Empirical analysis identifies several predictors, from extensive agriculture to localized kin groups. The authors suggest that the taboo imposes a burden on women and unmarried or monogamous young men, and it is best maintained in a community in which elders are in firm control and married women are considered outsiders due to village exogamy.

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  2. "A long postpartum taboo will be more frequent in societies with customary polygyny" (243)Saucier, Jean-Francois - Correlates of the long post-partum taboo: a cross-cultural study, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This study investigates correlates of the post-partum sex taboo. Empirical analysis identifies several predictors, from extensive agriculture to localized kin groups. The authors suggest that the taboo imposes a burden on women and unmarried or monogamous young men, and it is best maintained in a community in which elders are in firm control and married women are considered outsiders due to village exogamy.

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  3. Findings: A factor analysis of key dimensions to describe a given culture yielded 12 factors. Factor 11, "postpartum sex taboo", loaded highly and positively on postpartum sex taboo lasts more than one year; grandparents and granchild are friendly equals; male initiation ceremonies at puberty; fear of human beings; observation of food taboos. Factor 11 loaded negatively on cousin marriage preferred or prescribed (63)Stewart, Robert A. C. - Cultural dimensions: a factor analysis of textor's a cross-cultural summary, 1972 - 7 Variables

    This article uses factor analysis to identify the key variables underlying the many cross-cultural associations reported by Textor (1967). Twelve factors are identified.

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  4. Polygyny will be positively associated with length of postpartum sex taboo (267).Korotayev, Andrey V. - Explaining current fertility dynamics in tropical Africa from an anthropolog..., 2016 - 2 Variables

    This paper presents tests of the relationships between tropical African agriculture and cultural variables regulating reproduction in order to examine a theory which suggests that the lagging or absence of tropical Africa's demographic transition is the result of pervasive 'pro-natal' cultural practices. Strength of association between these factors and non-plow agriculture, the traditional method of farming in tropical Africa, leads the authors to suggest that women's larger subsistence role in these societies favors extended family households in which child-rearing responsibilities can be shared, and polygynous marriage systems in which co-wives can contribute substantially to the family's labor productivity. These, along with erosion of regulations on postpartum sex and birth spacing which were prevalent prior to modernization, are identified as characterstics which have and will continue to resist fertility decline.

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  5. Male mortality and social controls for parental certainty will be negatively associated with monogamy (p. 215).Dow, Malcolm M. - When one wife is enough: a cross-cultural study of the determinants of monogamy, 2013 - 3 Variables

    This article tests a myriad of factors that may have contributed to the adoption of monogamy in preindustrial societies. Results indicate that monogamy is not imposed by elites; rather, it is a strategy often chosen by women who can see no advantage to increasing the size or economic productivity of their households with more wives. The authors also assert that monogamy is generally adopted through cultural diffusion. Low pathogen stress, low risk of famine, and low endemic violence are also correlated with monogamy.

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  6. Polygyny will be negatively associated with female premarital sexual freedom among foragers (36).Korotayev, Andrey V. - Factors of sexual freedom among foragers in cross-cultural perspective, 2003 - 2 Variables

    This study investigates the relationship between cultural complexity and female premarital sexual freedom among foragers. To explain the decline of premarital sexual freedom, the authors discuss a few key trends such as the growth of social control and the decline of female status, as well as other variables such as intensification of foraging, social stratification, accumulation of wealth, political integration, and fixity of settlement. A model relating these variables is presented.

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  7. "A long postpartum taboo will be associated least frequently with monogamy and increasingly frequently with family forms characterized by increasing isolation of the wife from her husband and the rest of the household" (246)Saucier, Jean-Francois - Correlates of the long post-partum taboo: a cross-cultural study, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This study investigates correlates of the post-partum sex taboo. Empirical analysis identifies several predictors, from extensive agriculture to localized kin groups. The authors suggest that the taboo imposes a burden on women and unmarried or monogamous young men, and it is best maintained in a community in which elders are in firm control and married women are considered outsiders due to village exogamy.

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  8. Female contribution to subsistence, non-sororal polygyny, and internal warfare will be associated with post-marital residence (84).Korotayev, Andrey V. - Form of marriage, sexual division of labor, and postmarital residence in cro..., 2003 - 4 Variables

    This article investigates the determinants of post marital residence, particularly female contribution to subsistence. This study suggests in contrast to previous research that female contribution to subsistence does predict residence if non-sororal polygyny, and internal warfare are controlled. Theoretical perspectives on how marriage system affects the relationship between residence and contribution to subsistence are discussed.

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  9. "Specifically, the institution of polygyny, by providing alternative sexual outlets for married men with lactating wives, might well make a prolonged post-partum taboo more tolerable to adult males than in societies lacking such an alternative . . ." (145)Murdock, George Peter - Post-partum sex taboos, 1967 - 2 Variables

    This article examines two hypotheses concerning the length of the post-partum sex taboo. Analysis suggests that both animal husbandry (with consumption of domestic animals’ milk) and monogamy (which restricts men’s options for sexual partners) are inversely associated with the length of the post-partum sex taboo.

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  10. "Sexual differentiation in subsistence production may be reflected in the normal form of marriage. . . . We hypothesize that polyandry would tend to be the norm where woman's contribution is minimal; polygyny where it is considerable" (79)Heath, Dwight B. - Sexual division of labor and cross cultural research, 1958 - 2 Variables

    This study examines the relationship between sexual division of labor and social organization variables. Results suggest relationships between both mode of marriage and polygamy and female contribution to subsistence.

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