Found 4130 Hypotheses across 413 Pages (0.06 seconds)
  1. Personhood of dogs (PD) will be positively associated with intergroup violenceChambers, Jaime - Dog-Human Coevolution: Cross-Cultural Analysis of Multiple Hypotheses, 2021 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand dog-human coevolution by considering predictors of different aspects of dog-human relationships across cultures. In order to measure dog-human relationships, the researchers created three indexes: dogs' utility for humans (DUH), humans' utility for dogs (HUD), and the personhood of dogs (PD). Each of these indexes were tested against various pre-coded variables that were empirically and theoretically relevant to this subject.

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  2. Dogs' utility for humans (DUH) will be positively associated with intergroup violenceChambers, Jaime - Dog-Human Coevolution: Cross-Cultural Analysis of Multiple Hypotheses, 2021 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand dog-human coevolution by considering predictors of different aspects of dog-human relationships across cultures. In order to measure dog-human relationships, the researchers created three indexes: dogs' utility for humans (DUH), humans' utility for dogs (HUD), and the personhood of dogs (PD). Each of these indexes were tested against various pre-coded variables that were empirically and theoretically relevant to this subject.

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  3. Humans' utility for dogs (HUD) will be positively associated with intergroup violenceChambers, Jaime - Dog-Human Coevolution: Cross-Cultural Analysis of Multiple Hypotheses, 2021 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand dog-human coevolution by considering predictors of different aspects of dog-human relationships across cultures. In order to measure dog-human relationships, the researchers created three indexes: dogs' utility for humans (DUH), humans' utility for dogs (HUD), and the personhood of dogs (PD). Each of these indexes were tested against various pre-coded variables that were empirically and theoretically relevant to this subject.

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  4. Individual and socially organized aggression will be positively associated with frequency of war (628).Ember, Carol R. - War, socialization, and interpersonal violence: a cross-cultural study, 1994 - 3 Variables

    This study explores several correlates of interpersonal violence. Multiple regression analysis suggests that socialization for aggression in boys in late childhood is the strongest predictor of higher rates of homicide and assault. Path analysis suggests that socialization for aggression is a consequence, not a cause, of war.

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  5. Population density will be positively associated with frequency of warfare (71).Kelly, Raymond C. - Warless societies and the origin of war, 2000 - 2 Variables

    This book examines the difference between warless and warlike societies and attempts to determine the point at which a society becomes warlike. The author suggests that differences between warless and warlike societies are mostly organizational and hypothesizes that "unsegmented" societies, or societies that have a weaker sense of group identity and cohesion, will be more likely to be warless than "segmented" societies. Several tests are presented. Results generally support the hypothesis.

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  6. The presence of non-relative caretakers will be positively associated with corporal punishment of children (615).Ember, Carol R. - Explaining corporal punishment of children: a cross-cultural study, 2005 - 6 Variables

    This article tests various explainations for corporal punishment of children, including social complexity, a societal culture of violence, and whether help in child rearing is available. Analysis suggests that corporal punishment may be a parent's way to prepare children for societal power inequality.

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  7. Intergroup and interpersonal violence will be associated with male sexual violence (22).Sanday, Peggy Reeves - The socio-cultural context of rape: a cross-cultural study, 1981 - 2 Variables

    This article offers an analysis of the rape of women cross-culturally, positing that rape is present under certain cultural circumstances. The author tests for correlations between rape and aspects of sexual repression, group violence, childrearing, and ideologies of male dominance. There are significant associations between male sexual violence and other types of violence, as well as between rape and ideologies of male dominance.

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  8. Interactions between ingroup and outgroup relations predicts sacrifice (3).Purzycki, Benjamin Grant - Identity fusion, outgroup relations, and sacrifice: A cross-cultural test, 2019 - 2 Variables

    Researchers tested the popular identity fusion theory, which states that while maintaining one’s own individual identity, a deep affinity with one’s group can contribute to sacrifice for that group, in conjunction with their own hypotheses, using a behavior economic experiment. The experiment looked at whether after rolling a die to determine which cup a coin was placed into, participants actually followed the rules, or favored themselves (by putting the coin into their own cups at a disproportionate rate). The findings state that while on average, the individual participants did indeed favor themselves, those with higher ingroup fusion were more likely to sacrifice coins to other members of their ‘ingroup.' The experiments were conducted in 8 culturally diverse field sites.

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  9. Dysphorically arousing rituals will be positively associated with reliance on foraging rather than agriculture, and intergroup warfare (52).Atkinson, Quentin D. - The cultural morphospace of ritual form: examining modes of religiosity cros..., 2011 - 3 Variables

    This article examines the frequency and emotional arousal of ritual. Cross-cultural tests support the existence of two modes of religiosity: doctrinal, with high frequency and low emotionality of ritual, and imagistic, with low frequency and high emotionality of ritual. Both euphoric and dysphoric arousal are considered. Associations between these two modes of religiosity and other features of culture (such as group size and the use of agriculture) are examined.

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  10. "Political units with wider political participation engage in less warfare with one another than do less participatory political units" (579).Ember, Carol R. - Peace between participatory polities: a cross-cultural test of the "democrac..., 1992 - 9 Variables

    This article tests the effects of variables associated with political participation on the frequency of internal warfare. Findings suggest support for the hypothesis that democracies rarely fight each other.

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