Found 2293 Hypotheses across 230 Pages (0.007 seconds)
  1. "We expected to find that societies with institutionalized forms of Trance were more likely to be those coded by D'Andrade as having the use of dreams to seek and control supernatural powers than those that do not have institutionalized forms of Trance" (418)Bourguignon, Erika - Dreams and altered states of consciousness in anthropological research, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This chapter reviews various ethnographic and psychological studies of dreaming and hypothesizes about the relationship between institutionalized forms of trance and the use of dreams. Results show that societies with institutionalized forms of trance are more likely to use dreams to seek and control supernatural powers.

    Related HypothesesCite
  2. A society's reliance on hunting and fishing will be positively associated with the presence of active trance (269).Swanson, Guy E. - Trance and possession: studies of charismatic influence, 1978 - 2 Variables

    This study examines correlates of trance and possession in pre-industrial societies. Results suggest that the presence of trance/possession is associated with subsistence, number of jurisdictional levels, and community decision-making.

    Related HypothesesCite
  3. Controlling for sustenance from hunting and fishing, the number of jurisdictional levels will be related to trance (270).Swanson, Guy E. - Trance and possession: studies of charismatic influence, 1978 - 3 Variables

    This study examines correlates of trance and possession in pre-industrial societies. Results suggest that the presence of trance/possession is associated with subsistence, number of jurisdictional levels, and community decision-making.

    Related HypothesesCite
  4. "The further a son moves away from his parents at marriage, the more likely a society is to use dreams to seek and control supernatural powers" (322).D'Andrade, Roy G. - Anthropological studies of dreams, 1961 - 2 Variables

    This article proposes that societal factors that cause anxiety concerning isolation and self-reliance leads to a preoccupation with dreams. Authors test associations between subsistence economy and marital residence and the use of dreams to seek and control supernatural powers.

    Related HypothesesCite
  5. Possession-belief-only will be associated with hunting, gathering, and fishing for 46% or more of subsistence; possession-trance belief will be associated with agriculture and/or animal husbandry (43).Bourguignon, Erika - Possession, 1976 - 6 Variables

    This book investigates possession and possession-trance. While the author focuses on a case study of Haiti, there are also a handful of cross cultural tests performed. Results suggest that societal complexity is associated with belief in possession-trance, rather than possession alone.

    Related HypothesesCite
  6. Specific patterns of subsistence strategies exist.Ahedo, Virginia - Let's go fishing: A quantitative analysis of subsistence choices with a spec..., 2021 - 5 Variables

    In this study, the authors analyze subsistence economies to better understand their variability and success, the role of the environment in different subsistence choices, and the relevance of fishing, specifically in mixed economies. They find regular subsistence patterns, suggesting that not all subsistence combinations are successful. Their findings also indicate that environment influences subsistence choice, mixed economies are common, and that fishing plays a key role in mixed economies.

    Related HypothesesCite
  7. Climate and subsistence type will be associated with the percentage of animal foods in the diet.Pontzer, Herman - Effects of Evolution, Ecology, and Economy on Human Diet: Insights from Hunt..., 2021 - 3 Variables

    This study, primarily a review on the evolution of the human diet, also includes a small study on the distribution of meat-eating and its relationship with climate and cultural factors, namely subsistence type. The authors find that societies with subsistence strategies that prioritize fishing, hunting, or pastoralism also tend to consume more animal products, whereas those that focus on agriculture have more plant-based diets. The authors argue that these small-scale societies have a healthier approach to diet than industrialized societies regardless of their subsistence type or meat consumption.

    Related HypothesesCite
  8. Subsistence economy and type of family will predict status for the elderly (427)Balkwell, Carolyn - Subsistence economy, family structure and the status of the elderly, 1981 - 3 Variables

    This article explores factors affecting the status of the elderly, looking particularly at type of family, economy, and wealth transfer.

    Related HypothesesCite
  9. Increased frequency of natural hazards will be associated with increased subsistence diversity.Ember, Carol R. - Resource stress and subsistence diversification across societies, 2020 - 3 Variables

    Using a cross-cultural sample of 91 societies, this paper draws on ecological theory to test if unpredictable environments will favor subsistence diversification. The general hypothesis is that societies with high climate unpredictability and resource stress would exhibit more subsistence diversity than societies in more stable climates. The authors examined four environmental and resource stress variables while controlling for temperature variance, subsistence activity, and phylogeny. Support was found for 2 of the 4 variables--chronic scarcity and environmental instability. In the discussion they suggest that more commonly observed events (e.g. annual hunger and climate unpredictability) may give people more motivation to change subsistence than rarer events (e.g. natural hazards and famine).

    Related HypothesesCite
  10. Increased frequency of famine will be associated with increased subsistence diversity.Ember, Carol R. - Resource stress and subsistence diversification across societies, 2020 - 3 Variables

    Using a cross-cultural sample of 91 societies, this paper draws on ecological theory to test if unpredictable environments will favor subsistence diversification. The general hypothesis is that societies with high climate unpredictability and resource stress would exhibit more subsistence diversity than societies in more stable climates. The authors examined four environmental and resource stress variables while controlling for temperature variance, subsistence activity, and phylogeny. Support was found for 2 of the 4 variables--chronic scarcity and environmental instability. In the discussion they suggest that more commonly observed events (e.g. annual hunger and climate unpredictability) may give people more motivation to change subsistence than rarer events (e.g. natural hazards and famine).

    Related HypothesesCite