Found 3109 Hypotheses across 311 Pages (0.041 seconds)
  1. Greater socioeconomic development will be positively associated with recruiting slaves from within the society (rather than externally) (114, 116).Bowden, Edgar - Three stages in the evolution of slavery in precivilized societies, 1973 - 2 Variables

    This article proposes three stages of slavery: dominance slavery, temporary decline of slavery, and economic slavery. Dominance slavery refers to the enslavement of war captives while economic slavery entails a legally codified slave class in a more economically stratified society. Mann-Whitney summed-rank tests suggest that economic slavery is associated with higher socioeconomic development, here defined in terms of male-dominance rather than equidominance in a society.

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  2. Greater socioeconomic development will be positively associated with legal codification for slavery (114, 116).Bowden, Edgar - Three stages in the evolution of slavery in precivilized societies, 1973 - 2 Variables

    This article proposes three stages of slavery: dominance slavery, temporary decline of slavery, and economic slavery. Dominance slavery refers to the enslavement of war captives while economic slavery entails a legally codified slave class in a more economically stratified society. Mann-Whitney summed-rank tests suggest that economic slavery is associated with higher socioeconomic development, here defined in terms of male-dominance rather than equidominance in a society.

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  3. "The aggression implicit in cannibalism, human sacrifice, sacrificial grave escort, and slavery are also associated with cultural elaboration" (1114)Bowden, Edgar - Indices of sociocultural development and cultural accumulation: an exponent..., 1969 - 2 Variables

    This article investigates a broad hypothesis that cultural traits diversify with sociocultural development. Results suggest that sociocultual development is associated with certain aspects of aesthetic and ritual culture, and that cultural elaboration may be correlated with some sexual norms and tendency toward cannibalism, human sacrifice, and slavery.

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  4. "Traits [loading above .5 on] rotated factor Index of Social Development [are]: permanency of residence, group life, agriculture, use of grain for food, constancy of food supply, domesticated animals other than herded, mining and smelting of metals, metals obtained from outside, pottery, weaving, money or other standard medium of exchange, trade, private property in land, power vested in a chief, codified laws, authority of judges, plutocracy, and organized priesthood" (456)Bowden, Edgar - An index of sociocultural development applicable to precivilized societies, 1969 - 19 Variables

    Using principal-components analysis, the author develops an Index of Sociocultural Development that measures the same concepts as Carneiro’s Index of Cultural Accumulation. Carneiro’s index also contains a measure of cultural elaboration which the author suggests examining further.

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  5. "Freedom of postpartum sexual activity is correlated with cultural elaboration" (1114)Bowden, Edgar - Indices of sociocultural development and cultural accumulation: an exponent..., 1969 - 2 Variables

    This article investigates a broad hypothesis that cultural traits diversify with sociocultural development. Results suggest that sociocultual development is associated with certain aspects of aesthetic and ritual culture, and that cultural elaboration may be correlated with some sexual norms and tendency toward cannibalism, human sacrifice, and slavery.

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  6. "Index of Sociocultural Development scores do in fact correlate with elaborateness of certain aspects of the aesthetic and ritual elements of culture" (1114)Bowden, Edgar - Indices of sociocultural development and cultural accumulation: an exponent..., 1969 - 6 Variables

    This article investigates a broad hypothesis that cultural traits diversify with sociocultural development. Results suggest that sociocultual development is associated with certain aspects of aesthetic and ritual culture, and that cultural elaboration may be correlated with some sexual norms and tendency toward cannibalism, human sacrifice, and slavery.

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  7. Greater contact between mother and child is positively associated with men's fear of sex with women (660).Ember, Carol R. - Men's fear of sex with women, 1978 - 2 Variables

    This study examines ecological, social, and psychological theories for men's fear of heterosexual sex in a cross-cultural sample. Findings support the hypotheses and a causal model is presented.

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  8. The presence of age-set systems will be positively associated with frequency of warfare (90).Ritter, Madeline Lattman - The conditions favoring age-set organization, 1980 - 2 Variables

    This article reviews the theories on age-set systems and presents a cross-cultural test of Bernardi's theory regarding the development of age-sets as a response to a need for a system of integration in the context of frequent warfare. The findings do not support the hypothesis but rather point to the importance of changing group size and composition of local groups, as well as warfare, in predicting age-set systems.

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  9. Presence of age-set systems will be positively associated with fluctuation in size and composition of local group (due to warfare) (98).Ritter, Madeline Lattman - The conditions favoring age-set organization, 1980 - 1 Variables

    This article reviews the theories on age-set systems and presents a cross-cultural test of Bernardi's theory regarding the development of age-sets as a response to a need for a system of integration in the context of frequent warfare. The findings do not support the hypothesis but rather point to the importance of changing group size and composition of local groups, as well as warfare, in predicting age-set systems.

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  10. Intensive agriculture, as compared to simpler agriculture, will be positively associated with increases in women's domestic work (288)Ember, Carol R. - The relative decline in women’s contributions to agriculture with intensific..., 1983 - 2 Variables

    This article presents theory and hypothesis tests that suggest that the decline of women's contribution to intensive agriculture is related to increases in fertility and domestic work associated with cereal crops. Additionally, men in agricultural societies are less likely to invest time in hunting and warfare, so their contribution of agricultural labor relative to women's increases.

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