Found 2271 Hypotheses across 228 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. Sign language will be found in smaller societies whose member are more likely to sustain frequent contacts with members of neighboring societies (188).Divale, William Tulio - Hunting and the development of sign language: a cross-cultural test, 1977 - 2 Variables

    The association between hunting and sign language is examined. It is hypothesized that sign language develops as a form of nonverbal communication to aid hunters in the coordinated stalking of game. Ethnographic evidence supports this hypothesis. A second hypothesis is also tested concerning the relationship between population size and non-verbal communication, however sampling procedures provided an inadequate test of this hypothesis.

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  2. "When females make a relatively greater contribution to basic subsistence residence will tend to be uxorilocal or matrilocal, but residence will tend to be virilocal or patrilocal when females make a lesser contribution to subsistence" (63)Divale, William Tulio - The causes of matrilocal residence: a cross-ethnohistorical survey, 1974 - 2 Variables

    Author proposes and presents evidence in support of the theory that most societies practice virilocal or patrilocal residence (this is the "normal" pattern" and that matrilocal residence is adopted when societies migrate to an already populated area.

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  3. Dependence on hunting as a source of food supply will be associated with menstrual taboos (902).Kitahara, Michio - Menstrual taboos and the importance of hunting, 1982 - 2 Variables

    This study suggests that animals' avoidance of human menstrual odor could be a factor affecting menstrual taboos in societies that depend on hunting. Results indicate a significant, positive relationship between dependence on hunting and menstrual taboos.

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  4. Societies with a high dependence on animals will be more likely to have zoomorphic deities (88).Hayden, Brian - Alliances and ritual ecstasy: human responses to resource stress, 1987 - 2 Variables

    This article hypothesizes that ritual ecstasy was selected for as a way for hunter-gatherers to cope with resource uncertainty by unifying separate groups. Results support this hypothesis and suggest a relationship between resource stress and deities as well as dependence on animals and presence of zoomorphic deities.

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  5. Warfare will be positively associated with female infanticide (527).Divale, William Tulio - Population, warfare, and the male supremacist complex, 1976 - 2 Variables

    This study focuses on the factors associated with the development and persistence of an ideology of male supremacy. Authors identify several realms of culture that show a clear male preference and suggest that warfare is the most significant cause of the male supremacy complex in preindustrial societies. Authors hypothesize that warfare will be positively related to female infanticide. Results support this hypothesis. Another hypothesis relating diet to warfare and infanticide is provided, but not tested.

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  6. Societies that store significant amounts of food will have more elaborate counting systems (343).Divale, William Tulio - Climatic instability, food storage, and the development of numerical countin..., 1999 - 2 Variables

    A model for the development of counting systems is tested. The hypothesis presented predicts that unpredictable climate conditions result in inconsistent food supply which leads to the need for food storage and, thus, a system to account for the stored food. Results strongly support this hypothesis.

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  7. "The threat or presence of famine and starvation [will] be associated with the storage and preservation of food" (343).Divale, William Tulio - Climatic instability, food storage, and the development of numerical countin..., 1999 - 2 Variables

    A model for the development of counting systems is tested. The hypothesis presented predicts that unpredictable climate conditions result in inconsistent food supply which leads to the need for food storage and, thus, a system to account for the stored food. Results strongly support this hypothesis.

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  8. Societies where ancestral hunting and gathering is the predominant subsistence mode will be negatively associated with the frequency of homosexuality (389).Barber, Nigel - Ecological and psychosocial correlates of male homosexuality: a cross-cultur..., 1998 - 2 Variables

    This study uses logistic regression to test the relationship between homosexuality and ecological and psychosocial variables. Significant associations were found between the frequency of homosexuality and type of agriculture, the occurrence of gathering, and psychosocial stressors in women's lives.

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  9. In societies with a more labor-intensive subsistence system, drug foods will function as labor enhancers (719).Jankowiak, William - Using drug foods to capture and enhance labor performance: a cross-cultural ..., 1996 - 2 Variables

    This study examines the relationship between drug foods and colonialism in relation to labor and trade. Relationships were found between political complexity, subsistence type, and the use of drug foods as labor and trade enhancers and inducers.

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  10. Hunter-gatherers will experience more famine than those with other modes of subsistence (1).Berbesque, J. Colette - Hunter-gatherers have less famine than agriculturalists, 2014 - 2 Variables

    This study tests the common belief that hunter-gatherers suffer more famine than other subsistence types. Controlling for habitat quality, authors examine the relationship between famine and subsistence type and find that hunter-gatherers actually experience significantly less famine than other subsistence types.

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