Found 4259 Hypotheses across 426 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. At lower latitudes there will be more ethnic groups in a region (974).Cashdan, Elizabeth - Ethnic diversity and its environmental determinants: effects of climate, pat..., 2001 - 2 Variables

    This article examines possible environmental predictors of ethnic diversity around the world. Results suggest that global ethnic diversity is associated with latitude, habitat diversity, pathogen stress, and climate.

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  2. Habitat diversity will be positively associated with ethnic diversity (977).Cashdan, Elizabeth - Ethnic diversity and its environmental determinants: effects of climate, pat..., 2001 - 2 Variables

    This article examines possible environmental predictors of ethnic diversity around the world. Results suggest that global ethnic diversity is associated with latitude, habitat diversity, pathogen stress, and climate.

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  3. No hypotheses are tested in this article.Low, Bobbi S. - Pathogen intensity cross-culturally, 1994 - 1 Variables

    This article reviews prior findings associating sexual selection, polygyny, and pathogen stress. The author also presents descriptions of several pathogens to facilitate further research.

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  4. Socialization for collectivist values will be associated with pathogen prevalence, population density, and levels of political integration (68).Cashdan, Elizabeth - Pathogen prevalence, group bias, and collectivism in the standard cross-cult..., 2013 - 4 Variables

    This article investigates how pathogen risk affects xenophobia, in-group bias, and collectivist and conformist values. Data analysis suggests that there is an association between pathogen risk and socialization for collectivist values, but the other variables were not associated with pathogen prevalence.

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  5. High pathogen prevalence and high geographic isolation will both independently predict the allowance of cousin marriage (6-7).Hoben, Ashley D. - Factors influencing the allowance of cousin marriages in the Standard Cross ..., 2016 - 4 Variables

    The authors investigate environmental reasons for cross-cultural variation in the permissibility of cousin marriages. In particular, they test whether higher levels of pathogen prevalence and geographic isolation increase the likelihood that cousin marriage will be allowed. The authors' underlying theory is that cousin marriages provide protective homozygosity against some pathogens and provide more options when mate choices are limited.

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  6. The persistence of female gender attitudes, practice of consanguineous marriage, and practice of polygamy will be weaker in countries with greater ancestral climatic instability.Guiliano, Paola - Understanding cultural persistence and change, 2020 - 4 Variables

    Derived from the evolutionary anthropology theory, this study examines the difference of importance placed on traditions and customs between cultures. The authors found that descendants from regions with less climatic stability place less emphasis on tradition and customs than those from more stable environments. The authors suggest that with climatic stability, the traditions and customs which have evolved and benefited the previous generations will be passed on to the next, therefore promoting cultural persistence.

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  7. The greater climatic instability was over generations, the less value a society will place on traditions and customs.Guiliano, Paola - Understanding cultural persistence and change, 2020 - 2 Variables

    Derived from the evolutionary anthropology theory, this study examines the difference of importance placed on traditions and customs between cultures. The authors found that descendants from regions with less climatic stability place less emphasis on tradition and customs than those from more stable environments. The authors suggest that with climatic stability, the traditions and customs which have evolved and benefited the previous generations will be passed on to the next, therefore promoting cultural persistence.

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  8. Unpredictability in climatic variables, particularly rainfall, will influence primary productivity, presence of herbivores, and availability of food (238).Low, Bobbi S. - Human responses to environmental extremeness and uncertainty: a cross-cultur..., 1988 - 4 Variables

    This article focuses on the effect of environmental extremes and unpredictability on human behavior and reproductive strategies. Significant correlations were found between environmental extremes and unpredictability and several variables, including mobility, subsistence mode, and degree of polygyny.

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  9. Societies with cousin marriage will have more pathogen stress than those without cousin marriage (5,6).Hoben, Ashley D. - Factors influencing the allowance of cousin marriages in the Standard Cross ..., 2016 - 2 Variables

    The authors investigate environmental reasons for cross-cultural variation in the permissibility of cousin marriages. In particular, they test whether higher levels of pathogen prevalence and geographic isolation increase the likelihood that cousin marriage will be allowed. The authors' underlying theory is that cousin marriages provide protective homozygosity against some pathogens and provide more options when mate choices are limited.

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  10. Environmental unpredictability will be positively associated with capricious aggression in folktales (475)Cohen, Alex - A cross-cultural study of the effects of environmental unpredictability on a..., 1990 - 2 Variables

    Using a psychoanalytic-materialist approach, the author examines the possible effects of environmental unpredictability on the prevalence of unprovoked aggression by characters in folktales.

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