Found 2675 Hypotheses across 268 Pages (0.048 seconds)
  1. Societies with a high dependence on animals will be more likely to have zoomorphic deities (88).Hayden, Brian - Alliances and ritual ecstasy: human responses to resource stress, 1987 - 2 Variables

    This article hypothesizes that ritual ecstasy was selected for as a way for hunter-gatherers to cope with resource uncertainty by unifying separate groups. Results support this hypothesis and suggest a relationship between resource stress and deities as well as dependence on animals and presence of zoomorphic deities.

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  2. ". . . the greater the number of sovereign groups in excess of two, the more likely the high god will be active and even concerned with human morality" (78)Swanson, Guy E. - The birth of the gods; the origin of primitive beliefs, 1960 - 2 Variables

    This book investigates the origins of supernatural and religious beliefs. The author tests associations between various types of beliefs (e.g. witchcraft, monotheism) and various societal characteristics (e.g. mobility, class stratification). Many hypotheses are supported. Theoretical discussion is included, and the author posits that “the belief in a particular kind of spirit springs from experiences with a type of persisting sovereign group whose area of jurisdiction corresponds to that attributed to the spirit” (175).

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  3. "Reported differences in personality descriptions among mixed farmers and pastoralists may be a result of a constellation of differences linked to the two types of economies" (295).Cone, Cynthia A. - Personality and subsistence: is the child the parent of the person?, 1979 - 7 Variables

    This study examines the relationship between personality traits and subsistence type in mixed farming and pastoralists societies. Findings suggest that differences in child socialization do not significantly predict personality differences in mixed farming and pastoralist societies as much as one would expect. Adult experiences should be considered as better predictors of personality traits.

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  4. Degree of political complexity will be associated with more plant-based agriculture, more animal husbandry, and less foraging (8)Gavin, Michael C. - The global geography of human subsistence, 2018 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to determine cross-culturally valid predictors of dominant types of human subsistence around the world. They did this by formulating multiple models that incorporate different combinations of environmental, geographic, and social factors. These models were then used to test various hypotheses posed throughout the anthropological literature surrounding factors that determine dominant subsistence strategies.

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  5. Various socio-economic variables (agricultural dependence, fixity of settlement, community size, population density, and class stratification) will predict political complexity (279).Hill, Kim - Political institutionalization in primitive societies: a hologeistic analysis, 1979 - 6 Variables

    This study examines socio-economic predictors of political complexity. Findings suggest that class stratification is the most significant predictor of political complexity.

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  6. Controlling on monotheism, the number of sovereign groups will be positively associated with gender bias (1127)Gray, J. Patrick - Do women have higher social status in hunting societies without high gods?, 1987 - 3 Variables

    This article offers a critique of Stover and Hope (1984). Gray challenges their findings and suggests that a third variable, sovereign groups, explains the correlation between monotheism and gender status.

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  7. Controlling on gender bias, the number of sovereign groups will be positively associated with monotheism (1127)Gray, J. Patrick - Do women have higher social status in hunting societies without high gods?, 1987 - 3 Variables

    This article offers a critique of Stover and Hope (1984). Gray challenges their findings and suggests that a third variable, sovereign groups, explains the correlation between monotheism and gender status.

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  8. Controlling for sustenance from hunting and fishing, the number of jurisdictional levels will be related to trance (270).Swanson, Guy E. - Trance and possession: studies of charismatic influence, 1978 - 3 Variables

    This study examines correlates of trance and possession in pre-industrial societies. Results suggest that the presence of trance/possession is associated with subsistence, number of jurisdictional levels, and community decision-making.

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  9. A community's mode of production will determine its level of political integration (448).Koch, Klaus-Friedrich - Political and psychological correlates of conflict management: a cross-cultu..., 1976 - 2 Variables

    This study examines predictors of the type of conflict management used at the community level. Results suggest that level of political integration is associated with mode of conflict management.

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  10. Hunter-gatherers will experience more famine than those with other modes of subsistence (1).Berbesque, J. Colette - Hunter-gatherers have less famine than agriculturalists, 2014 - 2 Variables

    This study tests the common belief that hunter-gatherers suffer more famine than other subsistence types. Controlling for habitat quality, authors examine the relationship between famine and subsistence type and find that hunter-gatherers actually experience significantly less famine than other subsistence types.

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