Found 4491 Hypotheses across 450 Pages (0.04 seconds)
  1. Modernization changes in education, government, and trade will be positively associated with cultural complexity, female economic power, pacification, suicide, and individual stress (136, 144-5).Divale, William Tulio - Modernization as changes in cultural complexity: new cross-cultural measurements, 2001 - 6 Variables

    This article considers the consequences of modernization. Factor analysis is used to identify four stages of modernization: 1) changes in education, government, and trade; 2) changes in health, technology, and transportation; 3) changes in family, religion, and toilet; and 4) changes in behavior. The authors then consider five trends they expect to be associated with modernization and test whether they develop over the course of the four stages. Results indicate that these 5 trends—increased cultural complexity, female status, pacification, suicide, and social stress—are associated with only the first and fourth stages.

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  2. Frequent violent crimes by individuals are associated with the following five formative experiences: (1) The mother is not the principal caretaker during infancy; (2) The mother is the principal caretaker during early childhood; (3) Obedience by boys is weakly required during middle childhood; (4) Corporal punishment of boys is frequent during late childhood; (5) Premarital sexual intercourse by females is prohibited (71-72)Barry III, Herbert - Corporal punishment and other formative experiences associated with violent ..., 2007 - 6 Variables

    The focus of this article is the frequency of violent crimes. Five fomative experiences that are correlated with frequent violent crime by individuals are presented. This study uses the same sample as Ember and Ember (1992).

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  3. Belligerence will be positively associated with a society's level on the index of primitivity (37, 39).Broch, Tom - Belligerence among the primitives, 1966 - 2 Variables

    This study is based on data given in Quincy Wright's (1942) 'A Study of War.' The author examines many correlates of belligerence in non-industrial societies. Results suggest that political organization, inter-cultural relations, and level of primitivity are associated with belligerence.

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  4. Political autonomy will be positively associated with the frequency of external warfareEff, E. Anthon - Farming and Fighting: An Empirical Analysis of the Ecological-Evolutionary T..., 2012 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to reevaluate Nolan's (2003) study on the primary determinants of war. They reanalyze his hypotheses with what they claim are more robust measures and methodology. They conclude that there is only a little evidence supporting Nolan's theories, that more productive echnology and higher population density predict war, and that overall ecological-evolutionary and sociopolitical explanations of war are equally supported by empirical data.

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  5. Increased frequency of drunkenness is associated with societal customs surrounding dependence, thereby (i) negatively associated with indulgence of dependence in infancy, (ii) positively associated with demands for achievement in childhood, and (iii) negatively associated with dependent-seeking behavior in adulthood (p. 866).Bacon, Margaret K. - The dependency-conflict hypothesis and the frequency of drunkenness, 1974 - 5 Variables

    This study is a reexamination of Bacon's (1965) previous cross-cultural study regarding drinking. The current study supports the dependency-conflict hypothesis that frequency of drunkenness is related to dependency needs in childhood and adulthood.

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  6. Sexual restrictions will be more common in geographic loci where risk of STDs is high (i.e. less constrained areas) (410-11).Mackey, Wade C. - Restriction of sexual activity as a partial function of disease avoidance: a..., 2001 - 2 Variables

    This article focuses on the relationship between geographical location and sexual restrictiveness, proposing that less-constrained geographical areas have a higher risk of STDs and thus have higher sexual restrictiveness. The authors draw on data from Broude (1980) and other research to support this theory.

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  7. Water scarcity will be associated with conceptions of a high god supportive of human morality (88).Snarey, John - The natural environment's impact upon religious ethics: a cross-cultural study, 1996 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between water scarcity and morally concerned high gods. Analysis supported this association. Implications of this cross-cultural finding are discussed.

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  8. "If culturally similar political communities unite to engage in external war, then internal war will be infrequent" (285)Otterbein, Keith F. - Internal war: a cross-cultural study, 1968 - 2 Variables

    This study examines how social structure, political organization, and intersocietal relations may affect the incidence of internal warfare (between culturally similar political communities). Results show that in uncentralized political systems, fraternal interest groups and unauthorized raiding parties may increase the incidence of internal war.

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  9. The importance of trade will be related to warfare frequency (42)Korotayev, Andrey V. - Trade and warfare in cross-cultural perspective, 2008 - 3 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between warfare and trade and concludes that the relationship varies within different levels of political organization.

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  10. ". . . societies which frequently engage in war with their neighbors are less likely to have feuding than societies which have peaceful external relations" (1477)Otterbein, Keith F. - An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth: a cross-cultural study of feuding, 1965 - 2 Variables

    This study investigates the presence of feuding, arguing that a solely evolutionary or functional approach misses important inter-societal factors. Results indicate that while fraternal interest groups are associated with feuding, the presence of war and level of political integration also increase the likelihood of feuding.

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