Found 2211 Hypotheses across 222 Pages (0.008 seconds)
  1. In an economic game, people will behave in a way that maximizes their own gain (803).Henrich, Joseph - "Economic man" in cross-cultural perspective: behavioral experiments in 15 s..., 2005 - 1 Variables

    This article presents the results of economic behavior experiments conducted on members of 15 small scale societies. Although three different economic experiments were conducted, findings focus on the results of the "Ultimatum Game." The authors found that no society adhered to behavior predicted by the "selfishness axiom" which suggests that individuals will behave in a way that maximizes their own gain. Authors also discuss possible predictors of behavioral variation within and between groups.

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  2. Differences in market integration and local importance of cooperation will be associated with variation in economic behavior between groups (797).Henrich, Joseph - "Economic man" in cross-cultural perspective: behavioral experiments in 15 s..., 2005 - 3 Variables

    This article presents the results of economic behavior experiments conducted on members of 15 small scale societies. Although three different economic experiments were conducted, findings focus on the results of the "Ultimatum Game." The authors found that no society adhered to behavior predicted by the "selfishness axiom" which suggests that individuals will behave in a way that maximizes their own gain. Authors also discuss possible predictors of behavioral variation within and between groups.

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  3. Wealthier individuals will prefer sons over daughters (152).Kanazawa, Satoshi - Where do cultures come from?, 2006 - 5 Variables

    This article explores how the evolutionary psychological perspective explains cultural universals and variations. This framework is then used to test whether wealth affects parents' preferences of sons or daughters on an individual and national level. Results suggest that wealthier individuals and wealthier nations prefer sons to daughters.

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  4. Rigidity and punitiveness concerning premarital sexual behavior will be negatively associated with game complexity (290).Ball, Donald W. - The scaling of gaming: skill, strategy, and chance, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This study analyzes the relationship between game complexity and sociocultural complexity. Significant relationships were found between several aspects of complexity and game complexity.

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  5. Controlling for geographic region, local population size will be positively associated with level of third-party punishment (588).Marlowe, Frank W. - More 'altruistic' punishment in larger societies, 2008 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between population size (and complexity) and the level of third-party punishment in economic games. Results demonstrate that people in larger, more complex societies engage in significantly more third-party punishment than people in small-scale societies.

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  6. Controlling for geographic region, size of ethnic population will be positively associated with level of third-party punishment (588).Marlowe, Frank W. - More 'altruistic' punishment in larger societies, 2008 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between population size (and complexity) and the level of third-party punishment in economic games. Results demonstrate that people in larger, more complex societies engage in significantly more third-party punishment than people in small-scale societies.

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  7. Women are more likely to ascribe moral concerns to both moralizing and local gods.Purzycki, Benjamin Grant - The moralization bias of gods’ minds: a cross-cultural test, 2022 - 3 Variables

    In this study, the authors inspect the relationship between religion, morality, and cooperation by examining the extent to which people associate their deities with moral concern. Using data from 2,228 individuals in 15 different field sites, they find that on average, people tend to ascribe at least some moral concern to their deities, and this effect is stable even after controlling for the influence of explicitly moralistic deities that these societies also worship. The authors also find that ratings of moral concern are not necessarily very high, even for deities that are typically considered to be moralistic, and that there is individual-level variation in the degree of moral concern attributed to deities. In addition, there is an individual-level correlation between how morally interested two selected deities are conceived to be and that being male or more educated decreases the likelihood of associating deities with moral concern. These findings challenge the longstanding belief that belief in moralistic deities is unique to certain societies or religions and instead suggest that the association between deities and moral concern is more widespread and variable, and suggest that the moral character of gods may be tied to cooperation within societies.

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  8. Social organization variables will be positively related to game complexity (287).Ball, Donald W. - The scaling of gaming: skill, strategy, and chance, 1972 - 4 Variables

    This study analyzes the relationship between game complexity and sociocultural complexity. Significant relationships were found between several aspects of complexity and game complexity.

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  9. Economic-technological variables will be positively related to game complexity (288).Ball, Donald W. - The scaling of gaming: skill, strategy, and chance, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This study analyzes the relationship between game complexity and sociocultural complexity. Significant relationships were found between several aspects of complexity and game complexity.

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  10. Occupational specialization will be positively related to game complexity (289).Ball, Donald W. - The scaling of gaming: skill, strategy, and chance, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This study analyzes the relationship between game complexity and sociocultural complexity. Significant relationships were found between several aspects of complexity and game complexity.

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