Found 1109 Hypotheses across 111 Pages (0.004 seconds)
  1. Degree of polygyny will be positively related to male bias in inheritance (1).Hartung, John - Polygyny and inheritance of wealth, 1982 - 2 Variables

    This study tests the hypothesis that humans tend to transmit wealth to male heirs where polygyny is possible. The results support this hypothesis.

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  2. ". . . a widow is likely to marry the son of her husband by another wife or the son of her husband's brother where descent is patrilineal, or the sister's son of her husband under matrilineal descent. . . . a man [is likely to choose] a close unilinear relative [of his first wife]" (271)Murdock, George Peter - Social structure, 1949 - 2 Variables

    This book is a comprehensive analysis of many aspects of social structure including family, clan, community, kinship terminology, social organization, regulation of sex, incest taboos, and sexual choice.

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  3. Matriliny / matrilocality can arise from daughter-biased investment by parents and/or grandparents (4).Surowiec, Alexandra - A worldwide view of matriliny: using cross-cultural analyses to shed light o..., 2019 - 3 Variables

    This article tested multiple previous hypotheses for associations between matriliny and cultural traits typically associated with stability and loss (subsistence strategy, animal domestication, mating system, residence pattern, wealth transfer, and property succession). Combining both genetic and linguistic data, researchers formed a phylogenetic ‘supertree’ that includes 16 matrilineal populations. Using this dataset they performed various analyses to assess patterns of evolution of matriliny and matrilocality.

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  4. Degree of polygyny will be positively related to brideprice (2).Hartung, John - Polygyny and inheritance of wealth, 1982 - 2 Variables

    This study tests the hypothesis that humans tend to transmit wealth to male heirs where polygyny is possible. The results support this hypothesis.

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  5. Matrilineal inheritance will be associated with a moderate to low probability of paternity, while patrilineal inheritance will be associated with a high probability of paternity (602).Hartung, John - Matrilineal inheritance: new theory and analysis, 1985 - 2 Variables

    This article provides a new explanation of matrilineal inheritence and paternity certainty, suggesting that matrilineal inheritance is most advantageous for women and can be described as a grandmaternal strategy. Results suggest a strong relationship between matrilineal inheritance and moderate to low probability of paternity, and an even stronger relationship between patrilineal inheritance and high probability of paternity.

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  6. High paternal confidence leads to high investment by a man in his wife's children; low paternal confidence leads a man to channel his investment elsewhere (304).Gaulin, Steven J.C. - Paternal confidence and paternal investment: a cross cultural test of a soci..., 1980 - 6 Variables

    Using paternal investment theory, the authors examine the relationship between paternal confidence and paternal investment in humans.

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  7. "Men stipulate an heir whose relatedness is less affected by low [probability of paternity] in societies where [probability of paternity] is relatively low" (653).Hartung, John - Paternity and inheritance of wealth, 1981 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between inheritance and paternity certainty. Results indicate an "association between relatively frequent female extramarital sex and a cultural norm that allows men to designate heirs whose relatedness is relatively unaffected by low probability of paternity."

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  8. Transgendered male androphilia will be associated with bilateral and double descent (382).VanderLaan, Doug P. - Male androphilia in the ancestral environment: an ethnological analysis, 2013 - 2 Variables

    "The kin selection hypothesis posits that male androphilia evolved because androphilic males invest more in kin, thereby enhancing inclusive fitness." However, increased kin-directed altruism has only been seen in societies that exhibit transgendered male androphilia. To test the validity of the kin selection hypothesis for male androphilia, the authors examine the relationship between ancestral sociocultural conditions, access to kin, and societal reactions to homosexuality and the expression of male androphilia as transgendered or non-transgendered. They find that ancestral sociocultural conditions and bilateral and double descent systems were more common in transgendered than non-transgendered societies.

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  9. Patrilineality and male inheritance will be negatively associated with women's participation in religious rituals (54, 60).Fink, Virginia S. - A cross-cultural test of Nancy Jay's theory about women, sacrificial blood a..., 2004 - 3 Variables

    This article examines the restriction of women in religious ritual, focusing on cultural traits that favor men's power. Results suggest that patrilineality and male inheritance correlate with the restriction of women’s participation in ritual.

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  10. With marriage of the father's sister's daughter, father-to-son nepotism will also entail mother's brother (husband's father) to sister's daughter (son's wife) nepotism (240).Flinn, Mark V. - Resource distribution, social competition, and mating patterns in human soci..., 1986 - 2 Variables

    This study examines cross-cousin marriage preferences from an evolutionary perspective. Results suggest significant associations between cross-cousin marriage preferences and both polygyny and residence.

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