Found 1451 Hypotheses across 146 Pages (0.007 seconds)
  1. At the time of marriage, wealth is generally transferred from the groom’s family to the bride’s and from the couple’s parents to the bride and groom (288).Huber, Brad R. - Material resource investments at marriage: evolutionary, social, and ecologi..., 2011 - 1 Variables

    This article focuses on parents’ investment of material resources at the time of their child’s marriage. Two patterns emerge from the data: wealth is generally transferred from the groom’s family to the bride’s and from the couple’s parents to the bride and groom. Social and ecological factors are also examined. Multiple regression analysis shows that paternal confidence level, societal polygyny rate, and level of pathogen stress can affect the aforementioned wealth transfer patterns.

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  2. The practice of polygyny and brideprice are likely to be associated with early modern humans in Africa.Walker, Robert S. - Evolutionary history of hunter-gatherer marriage practices, 2011 - 3 Variables

    This study attempts to reconstruct ancestral marriage practices using hunter-gathers' phylogenies based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Data suggest that arranged marriages and brideprice/bridewealth likely go back at least to the first modern human migrations out of Africa and that early ancestral human societies probably had low levels of polygyny.

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  3. High population density will be positively associated with pathological behavior in humans (i.e. homicide, suicide, drunken brawling, male insobriety, witchcraft attribution, and divorce) (743).Levinson, David - Population density in cross-cultural perspective, 1979 - 2 Variables

    This article investigates how population density affects social behavior, particularly whether it is a cause of stress in humans that manifests in pathological behavior or mistreatment of children. Analysis indicates that population density is not a cause of these behaviors, and with some variables (such as with divorce and sexual anxiety), there is a negative association with population density.

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  4. Pathogen stress will predict cultural rules restraining polygyny.Minocher, Riana - Explaining marriage patterns in a globally representative sample through soc..., 2019 - 2 Variables

    Researchers examine marriage patterns of 186 societies from the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS). The eleven predictor variables are pathogen stress, arranged female marriages, population density, father roles during infancy, temperature, social stratification, wealth inequality, internal warfare, assault frequency, female agricultural contribution, and sex ratio. The two outcome variables measuring polygyny are cultural rules constraining polygyny and the percentage of married men who are polygynous. Controlling on phylogeny using a global supertree of the languages, analysis of marriage patterns reveals that assault frequency and pathogen stress are the strongest predictors of polygyny. These findings offer additional support for the theories of harem-defense polygyny and male genetic quality.

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  5. Polygyny and patrilaterality are predicted to be positively related to the net number of marriage transactions of brides and their parents and negatively related to the net number of marriage transactions of grooms and their parents (363).Huber, Brad R. - New cross-cultural perspectives on marriage transactions, 2011 - 3 Variables

    This article refines previous research on marriage transactions and offers descriptions of new types of marriage transactions. First, the authors examine the frequency and distribution of marriage transactions. Second,the authors use a bio-cultural approach to examine how differences in male and female reproductive strategies and the kin selection theory are associated with marriage transactions.

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  6. Arranged female marriages will predict cultural rules constraining polygyny.Minocher, Riana - Explaining marriage patterns in a globally representative sample through soc..., 2019 - 2 Variables

    Researchers examine marriage patterns of 186 societies from the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS). The eleven predictor variables are pathogen stress, arranged female marriages, population density, father roles during infancy, temperature, social stratification, wealth inequality, internal warfare, assault frequency, female agricultural contribution, and sex ratio. The two outcome variables measuring polygyny are cultural rules constraining polygyny and the percentage of married men who are polygynous. Controlling on phylogeny using a global supertree of the languages, analysis of marriage patterns reveals that assault frequency and pathogen stress are the strongest predictors of polygyny. These findings offer additional support for the theories of harem-defense polygyny and male genetic quality.

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  7. Polygyny is associated with frequent violence (38).Barry III, Herbert - Wealth concentration associated with frequent violent crime in diverse commu..., 2007 - 2 Variables

    This article tests the general hypothesis that frequency of violent crimes by individuals is related to high concentrations of wealth.

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  8. Pathogen stress will be positively associated with polygyny (p. 325).Low, Bobbi S. - Marriage systems and pathogen stress in human societies, 1990 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between pathogen stress and polygyny. Results indicate that there is a positive association between the two that is not confounded by geographic region, latitude, population density, male-male competition, or presence of brideprice. In particular, pathogen stress precicts higher levels of non-sororal polygyny and capturing women for wives or concubines.

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  9. Pathogen stress will be positively associated with polygyny (5).Hooper, Paul L. - Explaining monogamy and polygyny among foragers and horticulturalists, 2006 - 2 Variables

    This article tests several hypotheses related to the presence or absence of polygyny. Results suggest a negative relationship between polygyny and male provisioning, and positive relationships between polygyny and warfare, interpersonal aggression, and pathogen stress.

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  10. Pathogen stress will be positively associated with non-sororal polygyny (p. 334).Low, Bobbi S. - Marriage systems and pathogen stress in human societies, 1990 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between pathogen stress and polygyny. Results indicate that there is a positive association between the two that is not confounded by geographic region, latitude, population density, male-male competition, or presence of brideprice. In particular, pathogen stress precicts higher levels of non-sororal polygyny and capturing women for wives or concubines.

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