Found 2495 Hypotheses across 250 Pages (0.008 seconds)
  1. There will be a replication of the Ember et al. (1992) internal warfare worldwide findings in eastern African societies.Carol R. Ember - Warfare, atrocities, and political participation: eastern Africa, 2018 - 9 Variables

    The present study attempts to replicate the Ember, Ember, and Russett (1992) worldwide finding that fighting rarely occurs between democracies in a sample of eastern African societies. Following the earlier study, the authors considered internal warfare to be an analog of international warfare and measures of political participation analogous to democracy. The researchers also explore if there is an association between political participation and committing atrocities. Contrary to past findings, internal warfare was not predicted by the same set of variables as the 1992 study, but there is an inverse relationship between committing atrocities and political participation. However, when additional variables were added, internal warfare was significantly predicted by less political participation.

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  2. "Political units with wider political participation engage in less warfare with one another than do less participatory political units" (579).Ember, Carol R. - Peace between participatory polities: a cross-cultural test of the "democrac..., 1992 - 9 Variables

    This article tests the effects of variables associated with political participation on the frequency of internal warfare. Findings suggest support for the hypothesis that democracies rarely fight each other.

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  3. Adding three additional variables-little formalized leadership, natural disasters, and state-level organization- to the eastern African comparison would lead to a replication of the Ember et al. (1992) findings.Carol R. Ember - Warfare, atrocities, and political participation: eastern Africa, 2018 - 11 Variables

    The present study attempts to replicate the Ember, Ember, and Russett (1992) worldwide finding that fighting rarely occurs between democracies in a sample of eastern African societies. Following the earlier study, the authors considered internal warfare to be an analog of international warfare and measures of political participation analogous to democracy. The researchers also explore if there is an association between political participation and committing atrocities. Contrary to past findings, internal warfare was not predicted by the same set of variables as the 1992 study, but there is an inverse relationship between committing atrocities and political participation. However, when additional variables were added, internal warfare was significantly predicted by less political participation.

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  4. There will be an inverse relationship between political participation and committing atrocities.Carol R. Ember - Warfare, atrocities, and political participation: eastern Africa, 2018 - 12 Variables

    The present study attempts to replicate the Ember, Ember, and Russett (1992) worldwide finding that fighting rarely occurs between democracies in a sample of eastern African societies. Following the earlier study, the authors considered internal warfare to be an analog of international warfare and measures of political participation analogous to democracy. The researchers also explore if there is an association between political participation and committing atrocities. Contrary to past findings, internal warfare was not predicted by the same set of variables as the 1992 study, but there is an inverse relationship between committing atrocities and political participation. However, when additional variables were added, internal warfare was significantly predicted by less political participation.

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  5. When included in a model testing the relationship between several variables and frequency of internal warfare, food production will be a significant predictor of internal warfare frequency (12).Ember, Carol R. - Violence in the ethnographic record: results of cross-cultural research on w..., 1997 - 8 Variables

    This paper reviews the results of the author's cross-cultural studies of war and aggression and their implications for prehistory.

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  6. Slavery will be correlated with many social features (see variable list)Hrnčíř, Václav - Archaeology of slavery from cross-cultural perspective, 2017 - 10 Variables

    The authors examine correlations between slavery and variables that can potentially be detected archaeologically. The authors do not test specific hypotheses, but aim to explore the variables in a broader sense. As such, the authors use a grounded theory approach to data analysis in order to examine trends that emerge from the data itself.

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  7. Leadership will be positively associated with fighting ability, dominant personalities, a reputation for promoting submissiveness, the goal of coercive authority, and males.Zachary H. Garfield - Evolutionary Models of Leadership, 2019 - 6 Variables

    Researchers tested four models of leadership for qualities and correlates that could predict the transmission of leadership cross-culturally. Researchers sampled 60 societies from the Probability Sample Files, coding for 24 variables. Support was found for the prevalence of the collective action model and the prestige model, with a lack of support found for the dominance leadership model.

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  8. Leadership will be positively associated with intelligence, knowledgeable men, polygyny, large families and more/higher quality mating opportunities.Zachary H. Garfield - Evolutionary Models of Leadership, 2019 - 6 Variables

    Researchers tested four models of leadership for qualities and correlates that could predict the transmission of leadership cross-culturally. Researchers sampled 60 societies from the Probability Sample Files, coding for 24 variables. Support was found for the prevalence of the collective action model and the prestige model, with a lack of support found for the dominance leadership model.

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  9. When tested individually, each of the twelve variables included in the composite "authoritarian governance" variable in the cross-cultural sample will be predicted by pathogen prevalence (5).Murray, Damian R. - Pathogens and politics: further evidence that parasite prevalence predicts a..., 2013 - 16 Variables

    This article employs cross-national and cross-cultural methods to investigate whether pathogen stress is a direct determinant of authoritarianism. The study controls on other factors such as famine, warfare, and malnutrition and evaluates alternative causal models.

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  10. Leadership will be positively associated with group size, and male leadership that emphasizes cooperative activity and sanctions free-riders who don't contribute.Zachary H. Garfield - Evolutionary Models of Leadership, 2019 - 6 Variables

    Researchers tested four models of leadership for qualities and correlates that could predict the transmission of leadership cross-culturally. Researchers sampled 60 societies from the Probability Sample Files, coding for 24 variables. Support was found for the prevalence of the collective action model and the prestige model, with a lack of support found for the dominance leadership model.

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