Found 2071 Hypotheses across 208 Pages (0.007 seconds)
  1. The prevalence of "legitimate" or institutionalized human sacrifice in a given society is associated with certain geopolitical conditions and demographic-ecological conditions (48).Winkelman, Michael James - Political and demographic-ecological determinants of institutionalised human..., 2014 - 11 Variables

    The author builds upon previous research (Winkelman 1998) to further elucidate the cross-cultural predictors of institutionalized human sacrifice. The author considers a range of ecological factors and political variables, particularly geopolitical dynamics and intra- and inter-group relations. Other factors were explored, including social complexity and social structures. The author identifies the lack of an effective superordinate political authority as a main determinant in similar behaviors contemporarily (e.g. suicide bombers, beheadings, public brutality in civil war).

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  2. External conflict and violence, strength of cross-cutting ties scale, intercommunity marriage in decentralized societies, matrilocality, intercommunity trade, fraternal interest group strength in decentralized societies, polygyny, socioeconomic complexity, political power concentration, harsh socialization practices, affectionate socialization practices, and male gender identity conflict will be positively associated with internal conflict and violence (554)Ross, Marc Howard - Internal and external conflict and violence: cross-cultural evidence and a n..., 1985 - 13 Variables

    This article suggests a general theory of conflict and violence that may help explain the conditions under which internal conflict co-occur or are differentiated.

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  3. Higher government levels will be associated with several other measures of cultural complexity (203).Barry III, Herbert - Differences between otherwise similar communities reveal cultural linkages w..., 2009 - 9 Variables

    This study examines pairwise differences between similar cultures in order to minimize cultural variation within the SCCS and reveal possible correlates of cultural complexity. Results suggest that one measure of complexity (government above the community level) is significantly associated with several other variables.

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  4. Societies that were more corporate were predicted to be more resilient to climate change during the Late Antique Little Ice Age than those that were more exclusionary.Peregrine, Peter N. - Social resilience to nuclear winter: lessons from the Late Antique Little Ic..., 2021 - 2 Variables

    The author analyzes conditions that might favor social resilience during the Late Antique Little Ice Age (ca. 536-556 CE). The assumption is made that climatic conditions in the Northern Hemisphere during this period of time are very similar to those that would occur during a nuclear winter. These conditions include a drop in temperature and decreased solar radiation from volcanic eruptions. Measures for social resilience come from multiple variables for social change, which are tested against measures for type of political engagement. It is argued that broad political participation is correlated with resilience.

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  5. ". . . societies which frequently engage in war with their neighbors are less likely to have feuding than societies which have peaceful external relations" (1477)Otterbein, Keith F. - An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth: a cross-cultural study of feuding, 1965 - 2 Variables

    This study investigates the presence of feuding, arguing that a solely evolutionary or functional approach misses important inter-societal factors. Results indicate that while fraternal interest groups are associated with feuding, the presence of war and level of political integration also increase the likelihood of feuding.

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  6. The importance of trade will be related to warfare frequency (42)Korotayev, Andrey V. - Trade and warfare in cross-cultural perspective, 2008 - 3 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between warfare and trade and concludes that the relationship varies within different levels of political organization.

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  7. Internal conflict and violence, strength in cross-cutting ties in decentralized societies, intercommunity marriage in decentralized societies, matrilocality, fraternal interest group strength, polygyny, socioeconomic complexity, political power concentration, harsh socialization practices, affectionate socialization practices, and male gender identity conflict will be positively associated with external conflict and violence (554)Ross, Marc Howard - Internal and external conflict and violence: cross-cultural evidence and a n..., 1985 - 12 Variables

    This article suggests a general theory of conflict and violence that may help explain the conditions under which internal conflict co-occur or are differentiated.

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  8. Warfare between polities will be positively associated with cultural tightnessJackson, Joshua Conrad - A global analysis of cultural tightness in non-industrial societies, 2020 - 2 Variables

    This article builds on previous cross-country and cross-state research into Tightness-Looseness (TL) theory, which proposes relationships between the incidence of ecological threat and cultural tightness, as well as tightness’ downstream effects on belief in a moralizing high god, inter-group contact and authoritarian leadership. To evaluate the generalizability of TL theory beyond complex cultures, the authors test these relationships among 86 nonindustrial societies from the ethnographic record. A structural equation model is presented of the results for nonindustrial societies; it is generally in accord with previous findings from more complex societies. Because the nonindustrial sample is more variable, they also look at relationships between societal complexity and kinship heterogeneity, aspects that vary in nonindustrial societies.

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  9. Internal warfare will predict the percent of married men who are polygynous.Minocher, Riana - Explaining marriage patterns in a globally representative sample through soc..., 2019 - 2 Variables

    Researchers examine marriage patterns of 186 societies from the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS). The eleven predictor variables are pathogen stress, arranged female marriages, population density, father roles during infancy, temperature, social stratification, wealth inequality, internal warfare, assault frequency, female agricultural contribution, and sex ratio. The two outcome variables measuring polygyny are cultural rules constraining polygyny and the percentage of married men who are polygynous. Controlling on phylogeny using a global supertree of the languages, analysis of marriage patterns reveals that assault frequency and pathogen stress are the strongest predictors of polygyny. These findings offer additional support for the theories of harem-defense polygyny and male genetic quality.

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  10. Internal warfare will predict cultural rules constraining polygyny.Minocher, Riana - Explaining marriage patterns in a globally representative sample through soc..., 2019 - 2 Variables

    Researchers examine marriage patterns of 186 societies from the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS). The eleven predictor variables are pathogen stress, arranged female marriages, population density, father roles during infancy, temperature, social stratification, wealth inequality, internal warfare, assault frequency, female agricultural contribution, and sex ratio. The two outcome variables measuring polygyny are cultural rules constraining polygyny and the percentage of married men who are polygynous. Controlling on phylogeny using a global supertree of the languages, analysis of marriage patterns reveals that assault frequency and pathogen stress are the strongest predictors of polygyny. These findings offer additional support for the theories of harem-defense polygyny and male genetic quality.

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