Found 1527 Hypotheses across 153 Pages (0.008 seconds)
  1. Language diversity among Pacific islands will be positively associated with land area (959).Gavin, Michael C. - The island biogeography of languages, 2012 - 2 Variables

    This paper examines the enormous variation in linguistic diversity among Pacific Islands by testing its relationship with various environmental variables put forth in several common theories of language richness. The researchers identify variables relating to land area and island isolation as accounting for about half of variation in linguistic diversity, suggesting that the other half is a result of complex social factors.

    Related HypothesesCite
  2. Geographic distance will be positively associated with linguistic variability (2).Brown, Steven - Correlations in the population structure of music, genes and language, 2014 - 2 Variables

    By testing relationships between musical, geographic, genetic, and linguistic distance among nine indigenous groups in Taiwan, the researchers aim to quantitatively evaluate a developing theory of coevolution between these traits. An especially strong correlation between musical variability and genetic distance suggests that music may possess worldwide time depth, diversity, and universality equal to or greater than that of language, and could thus serve as a complementary marker for reconstruction of long-term population shifts.

    Related HypothesesCite
  3. Genetic distance will be positively associated with geographic distance (2).Brown, Steven - Correlations in the population structure of music, genes and language, 2014 - 2 Variables

    By testing relationships between musical, geographic, genetic, and linguistic distance among nine indigenous groups in Taiwan, the researchers aim to quantitatively evaluate a developing theory of coevolution between these traits. An especially strong correlation between musical variability and genetic distance suggests that music may possess worldwide time depth, diversity, and universality equal to or greater than that of language, and could thus serve as a complementary marker for reconstruction of long-term population shifts.

    Related HypothesesCite
  4. Geographic distance will be positively associated with variability in musical characteristics (2).Brown, Steven - Correlations in the population structure of music, genes and language, 2014 - 2 Variables

    By testing relationships between musical, geographic, genetic, and linguistic distance among nine indigenous groups in Taiwan, the researchers aim to quantitatively evaluate a developing theory of coevolution between these traits. An especially strong correlation between musical variability and genetic distance suggests that music may possess worldwide time depth, diversity, and universality equal to or greater than that of language, and could thus serve as a complementary marker for reconstruction of long-term population shifts.

    Related HypothesesCite
  5. Genetic distance will be positively associated with linguistic variability (2).Brown, Steven - Correlations in the population structure of music, genes and language, 2014 - 2 Variables

    By testing relationships between musical, geographic, genetic, and linguistic distance among nine indigenous groups in Taiwan, the researchers aim to quantitatively evaluate a developing theory of coevolution between these traits. An especially strong correlation between musical variability and genetic distance suggests that music may possess worldwide time depth, diversity, and universality equal to or greater than that of language, and could thus serve as a complementary marker for reconstruction of long-term population shifts.

    Related HypothesesCite
  6. Association between geographic language area and various environmental variables will be stronger among pastoralists and foragers than among agriculturalists (7).Currie, Thomas E. - The evolution of ethnolinguistic diversity, 2012 - 6 Variables

    The authors test the relationship between ethnolinguistic area and various environmental variables in a cross-cultural sample of hunter-gatherer, pastoral, and agricultural subsistence groups in order to evaluate various hypotheses surrounding the geographic and ecological origins of cultural diversity. They propose that societies which adopted agriculture at the beginning of the Holocene were less directly affected by climate which, combined with the effect of increasing political and cultural complexity, allowed coordination and homogenization of ethnolinguistic groups over a broader swathe of territory.

    Related HypothesesCite
  7. The folktale inventories of groups that diverged more recently will exhibit greater similarity than those of groups that diverged less recently (49).Ross, Robert M. - Folktale transmission in the arctic provides evidence for high bandwidth soc..., 2016 - 3 Variables

    The myths, legends, and folktales of nearby groups tend to more alike than those of more distant groups. Three competing models attempt to explain this distribution of cultural traits: (1) vertical transmission, (2) horizontal transmission, and (3) independent innovation. The authors examine 18 Arctic hunter-gatherer groups to quantify the extent to which geographic distance, cultural ancestry, and effective population size predict overlap in folktale inventories.

    Related HypothesesCite
  8. The folktale inventories of nearby groups will be more similar than those of distant groups (49).Ross, Robert M. - Folktale transmission in the arctic provides evidence for high bandwidth soc..., 2016 - 3 Variables

    The myths, legends, and folktales of nearby groups tend to more alike than those of more distant groups. Three competing models attempt to explain this distribution of cultural traits: (1) vertical transmission, (2) horizontal transmission, and (3) independent innovation. The authors examine 18 Arctic hunter-gatherer groups to quantify the extent to which geographic distance, cultural ancestry, and effective population size predict overlap in folktale inventories.

    Related HypothesesCite
  9. Musical variability will be positively associated with linguistic variability (2).Brown, Steven - Correlations in the population structure of music, genes and language, 2014 - 2 Variables

    By testing relationships between musical, geographic, genetic, and linguistic distance among nine indigenous groups in Taiwan, the researchers aim to quantitatively evaluate a developing theory of coevolution between these traits. An especially strong correlation between musical variability and genetic distance suggests that music may possess worldwide time depth, diversity, and universality equal to or greater than that of language, and could thus serve as a complementary marker for reconstruction of long-term population shifts.

    Related HypothesesCite
  10. There will be an independent effect of vertical transmission down language lineages after controlling for horizontal transmission between groups (49).Ross, Robert M. - Folktale transmission in the arctic provides evidence for high bandwidth soc..., 2016 - 3 Variables

    The myths, legends, and folktales of nearby groups tend to more alike than those of more distant groups. Three competing models attempt to explain this distribution of cultural traits: (1) vertical transmission, (2) horizontal transmission, and (3) independent innovation. The authors examine 18 Arctic hunter-gatherer groups to quantify the extent to which geographic distance, cultural ancestry, and effective population size predict overlap in folktale inventories.

    Related HypothesesCite