Found 850 Hypotheses across 85 Pages (0.009 seconds)
  1. Sonorant consonant use will more common in warm climate languages than cold climate languages (126).Munroe, Robert L. - Warm climates and sonority classes: not simply more vowels and fewer consonants, 2009 - 2 Variables

    This article adds nuanced findings to the previous generalization that high sonority of the vowel explains its more frequent use in warmer climates. The authors find that “speakers in warm-climate languages make more use of the so-called “sonorant” consonants, that is, consonants with some of the qualities of vowels” (123).

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  2. Aridity and/or frigidity of environment will be negatively predictive of rates of complex tonality in language areas.Everett, Caleb - Climate, vocal folds, and tonal languages: connecting the physiological and ..., 2015 - 4 Variables

    Utilizing two independently-coded databases representing 3700+ languages, authors investigate whether cold ecologies or otherwise-desiccated ecologies are less amenable to complex tonality in language. Languages with complex tonality are primarily found to be located in tropical regions and generally absent in desiccated environments, regardless of latitude.

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  3. The number of consonant-vowel syllables will be positively associated with temperature (60, 64).Munroe, Robert L. - Cross-cultural correlates of the consonant-vowel (cv) syllable, 1996 - 2 Variables

    This study examines whether language construction, specifically the number of consonant-vowel syllables, will be related to the environment and literacy of a society. Empirical analysis suggests that consonant-vowel syllables are more common in warmer climates and less common in written languages.

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  4. Obstruent use will be more common in cold climate languages than warm climate languages (126).Munroe, Robert L. - Warm climates and sonority classes: not simply more vowels and fewer consonants, 2009 - 2 Variables

    This article adds nuanced findings to the previous generalization that high sonority of the vowel explains its more frequent use in warmer climates. The authors find that “speakers in warm-climate languages make more use of the so-called “sonorant” consonants, that is, consonants with some of the qualities of vowels” (123).

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  5. Vowel use will be more common in warm climate languages than cold climate languages (126).Munroe, Robert L. - Warm climates and sonority classes: not simply more vowels and fewer consonants, 2009 - 2 Variables

    This article adds nuanced findings to the previous generalization that high sonority of the vowel explains its more frequent use in warmer climates. The authors find that “speakers in warm-climate languages make more use of the so-called “sonorant” consonants, that is, consonants with some of the qualities of vowels” (123).

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  6. Nasal consonants, non-nasal labial stops, and low vowels will the sounds most frequently used by young children to denote the mother and father (1).Murdock, George Peter - Cross-language parallels in parental kin terms, 1959 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the universal tendency for languages, regardless of their historical relationships, to develop similar words for mother and father on the basis of nursery forms. Findings suggest that Ma, Na, Pa, and Ta are significantly more common sound classes denoting the mother or father.

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  7. The number of consonant-vowel syllables will be negatively associated with written language (61, 65).Munroe, Robert L. - Cross-cultural correlates of the consonant-vowel (cv) syllable, 1996 - 2 Variables

    This study examines whether language construction, specifically the number of consonant-vowel syllables, will be related to the environment and literacy of a society. Empirical analysis suggests that consonant-vowel syllables are more common in warmer climates and less common in written languages.

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  8. Within language families, consonant-vowel syllable use will be positively associated with warm climate (43, 49).Munroe, Robert L. - Climate and the consonant-vowel (CV) syllable: a replication within language..., 1999 - 2 Variables

    Using a sample of four language families, this paper replicates previous findings on the relationship between consonant-vowel syllable use and climate. An secondary finding on the relationship between consonant-vowel syllable use and writing system was also replicated.

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  9. Population size will be positively correlated with the number of obstruents, the number of sonorants, overall consonants, and overall phoneme inventory sizes.Hay, Jennifer - Phoneme inventory size and population size, 2007 - 2 Variables

    This study found that the more language speakers there are, the more phonemes in the language. In addition, the more language speakers, the more vowels and consonants. While some language families have more phonemes than others, this did not affect the results. The goal of this paper was only to illustrate a link between the two and the authors hope this work encourages further examination into this relationship.

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  10. Mean number of syllables per word will be negatively associated with consonant-vowel score (736).Ember, Melvin - Cross-language predictors of consonant-vowel syllables, 2000 - 2 Variables

    This study tests predictors of consonant-vowel prevalence cross-culturally. Authors reevaluate the findings of Munroe et. al. (1996) and also test a new variable—baby-holding—for its relationship to CV score. Results suggest that baby-holding is a significant predictor of CV score.

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