Found 3939 Hypotheses across 394 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. Length of conversational turn-taking transition will vary between cultures independent of other predictors (10588).Stivers, Tanya - Universals and cultural variation in turn-taking in conversation, 2009 - 2 Variables

    In order to investigate cross-cultural variation in systems of conversational turn-taking (who speaks and when), the researchers analyze the association of various contextual, verbal, and non-verbal factors with mean response time. Despite some variation in response time between languages, each of the explanatory variables is found to have significant impact on response time independent of language. A further test on subjective perception of ideal response time suggests that although similar factors act on response patterns cross-culturally (in support of a 'universal systems' theory), speakers are hypersensitive to even minor cultural variations in response time.

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  2. The same suite of variables will account for a significant amount of variation across cultures in length of transitions during conversational turn-taking (10588).Stivers, Tanya - Universals and cultural variation in turn-taking in conversation, 2009 - 5 Variables

    In order to investigate cross-cultural variation in systems of conversational turn-taking (who speaks and when), the researchers analyze the association of various contextual, verbal, and non-verbal factors with mean response time. Despite some variation in response time between languages, each of the explanatory variables is found to have significant impact on response time independent of language. A further test on subjective perception of ideal response time suggests that although similar factors act on response patterns cross-culturally (in support of a 'universal systems' theory), speakers are hypersensitive to even minor cultural variations in response time.

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  3. An individual’s degree of self-shame as the result of performing a particular act will be positively associated with the degree of devaluation which the individual’s community places on the act (9704).Sznycer, Daniel - Cross-Cultural Invariances in the Architecture of Shame, 2018 - 3 Variables

    This study looks at the possibility of a universal system of social valuation by examining the correlation between shame and devaluation. Researchers conducted an experiment among 899 participants from 15 communities of high cultural variation in order to test if similar relationships between shame and devaluation exist independently of cultural contact or cultural evolution. The findings reveal that shame and devaluation are closely linked both between individuals and members of a local audience, as well as cross-culturally.

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  4. Shame and devaluation will be positively associated between individuals and local audiences (9705).Sznycer, Daniel - Cross-Cultural Invariances in the Architecture of Shame, 2018 - 3 Variables

    This study looks at the possibility of a universal system of social valuation by examining the correlation between shame and devaluation. Researchers conducted an experiment among 899 participants from 15 communities of high cultural variation in order to test if similar relationships between shame and devaluation exist independently of cultural contact or cultural evolution. The findings reveal that shame and devaluation are closely linked both between individuals and members of a local audience, as well as cross-culturally.

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  5. Shame and devaluation will be positively associated between individuals and foreign audiences (9705).Sznycer, Daniel - Cross-Cultural Invariances in the Architecture of Shame, 2018 - 3 Variables

    This study looks at the possibility of a universal system of social valuation by examining the correlation between shame and devaluation. Researchers conducted an experiment among 899 participants from 15 communities of high cultural variation in order to test if similar relationships between shame and devaluation exist independently of cultural contact or cultural evolution. The findings reveal that shame and devaluation are closely linked both between individuals and members of a local audience, as well as cross-culturally.

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  6. Shame and devaluation will have a higher correlation between an individual and their local audiences compared to a foreign audience (9705).Sznycer, Daniel - Cross-Cultural Invariances in the Architecture of Shame, 2018 - 4 Variables

    This study looks at the possibility of a universal system of social valuation by examining the correlation between shame and devaluation. Researchers conducted an experiment among 899 participants from 15 communities of high cultural variation in order to test if similar relationships between shame and devaluation exist independently of cultural contact or cultural evolution. The findings reveal that shame and devaluation are closely linked both between individuals and members of a local audience, as well as cross-culturally.

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  7. Cultures will have a plump standard of beauty when women's work is not valued highly, or when women are restricted in the times and situations in which they can work (207).Anderson, Judith L. - Was the Duchess of Windsor right?: A cross-cultural review of the socioecolo..., 1992 - 3 Variables

    Cultures vary widely in regards to beauty standards for female body fat: while industrialized nations typically prefer thinness in women, ethnographic reports indicate that plumpness is valued in many small-scale societies. Here the authors evaluate several hypotheses that relate variation in female body fat preference to variation in socioecology such as food storage, climate, male social dominance, valuation and restriction of women's work, and female stress during adolescence.

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  8. Aridity and/or frigidity of environment will be negatively predictive of rates of complex tonality in language areas.Everett, Caleb - Climate, vocal folds, and tonal languages: connecting the physiological and ..., 2015 - 4 Variables

    Utilizing two independently-coded databases representing 3700+ languages, authors investigate whether cold ecologies or otherwise-desiccated ecologies are less amenable to complex tonality in language. Languages with complex tonality are primarily found to be located in tropical regions and generally absent in desiccated environments, regardless of latitude.

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  9. Political complexity of the society in which a language is spoken will be positively associated with the geographic range of that language (7340).Currie, Thomas E. - Political complexity predicts the spread of ethnolinguistic groups, 2009 - 6 Variables

    The researchers utilize a GIS approach in order to examine the relationship between global linguistic distribution and various cultural and environmental factors. The resulting positive association between political complexity and both latitude and language range leads the researchers to propose that large, politically complex entities exert a homogenizing pressure on language. However, the causal link may also be in the other direction, with possession of common language facilitating the creation of more complex political institutions.

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  10. The global pattern of mandibular morphology variation will be associated with dichotomized (hunter/gatherer vs. agricultural/pastoralist) subsistence type (19546).von Cramon-Taubadel, Noreen - Global human mandibular variation reflects differences in agricultural and h..., 2011 - 2 Variables

    The researchers test the relationship between global mandibular morphology variation and susbsistence economy, population history, geography, and climate. While some mandibular variation is significantly correlated with geography, the most significant relationship is with subsistence activity. The strength of the relationship leads the authors to speculate on how masticatory behavior might have affected jaw shape, either through stress, weaning behavior, or other demographic factors.

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