Found 3668 Hypotheses across 367 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. A model examining the predictor variables of political complexity, social inequality, and population size, as well as the control variables of cultural isolation and year of missionary arrival, will predict the conversion time of Austronesian cultures to Christianity.Watts, Joseph - Christianity spread faster in small, politically structures societies, 2018 - 6 Variables

    The present study examines 70 Austronesian cultures to test whether political hierarchy, population size, and social inequality have been influential in the conversion of populations to Christianity. Cultural isolation and year of missionary arrival are control variables. Using phylogenetic generalized least squares (PGLS), the researchers test the effect of the three predictor variables on conversion to Christianity and also conduct a multivariate analysis with all variables. The results do not offer support for what is expected by top-down and bottom-up theories of conversion but instead for the general dynamics of cultural transmission.

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  2. As predicted by top-down theories of conversion, Austronesian cultures with greater political organization will be faster to convert to Christianity than those with less political organization.Watts, Joseph - Christianity spread faster in small, politically structures societies, 2018 - 2 Variables

    The present study examines 70 Austronesian cultures to test whether political hierarchy, population size, and social inequality have been influential in the conversion of populations to Christianity. Cultural isolation and year of missionary arrival are control variables. Using phylogenetic generalized least squares (PGLS), the researchers test the effect of the three predictor variables on conversion to Christianity and also conduct a multivariate analysis with all variables. The results do not offer support for what is expected by top-down and bottom-up theories of conversion but instead for the general dynamics of cultural transmission.

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  3. As predicted by bottom-up theories of conversion, Austronesian cultures with higher levels of social inequality will be faster to convert to Christianity than those with lower levels.Watts, Joseph - Christianity spread faster in small, politically structures societies, 2018 - 2 Variables

    The present study examines 70 Austronesian cultures to test whether political hierarchy, population size, and social inequality have been influential in the conversion of populations to Christianity. Cultural isolation and year of missionary arrival are control variables. Using phylogenetic generalized least squares (PGLS), the researchers test the effect of the three predictor variables on conversion to Christianity and also conduct a multivariate analysis with all variables. The results do not offer support for what is expected by top-down and bottom-up theories of conversion but instead for the general dynamics of cultural transmission.

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  4. When human sacrifice is present, egalitarian cultures are more likely to gain social stratification (229).Watts, Joseph - Ritual human sacrifice promoted and sustained the evolution of stratified so..., 2016 - 2 Variables

    The social control hypothesis suggests that ritual human sacrifice may have played an important role in the evolution of social stratification, functioning to legitimize class-based power distinctions by pairing displays of ultimate authority with supernatural justifications. Authors test this hypothesis about human sacrifice with a phylogenetic analysis of 93 Austronesian cultures.

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  5. When human sacrifice is present, egalitarian and moderately stratified societies are more likely to become highly stratified.Watts, Joseph - Ritual human sacrifice promoted and sustained the evolution of stratified so..., 2016 - 2 Variables

    The social control hypothesis suggests that ritual human sacrifice may have played an important role in the evolution of social stratification, functioning to legitimize class-based power distinctions by pairing displays of ultimate authority with supernatural justifications. Authors test this hypothesis about human sacrifice with a phylogenetic analysis of 93 Austronesian cultures.

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  6. When human sacrifice is present, highly stratified societies are less likely to become less stratified (229).Watts, Joseph - Ritual human sacrifice promoted and sustained the evolution of stratified so..., 2016 - 2 Variables

    The social control hypothesis suggests that ritual human sacrifice may have played an important role in the evolution of social stratification, functioning to legitimize class-based power distinctions by pairing displays of ultimate authority with supernatural justifications. Authors test this hypothesis about human sacrifice with a phylogenetic analysis of 93 Austronesian cultures.

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  7. When human sacrifice is present, moderate and highly stratified cultures are less likely to decrease in degree of stratification (229).Watts, Joseph - Ritual human sacrifice promoted and sustained the evolution of stratified so..., 2016 - 2 Variables

    The social control hypothesis suggests that ritual human sacrifice may have played an important role in the evolution of social stratification, functioning to legitimize class-based power distinctions by pairing displays of ultimate authority with supernatural justifications. Authors test this hypothesis about human sacrifice with a phylogenetic analysis of 93 Austronesian cultures.

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  8. Human sacrifice can co-evolve with social stratification (the probability of change in social stratification and the presence/absence of human sacrifice are interdependent) [First Analysis] (229).Watts, Joseph - Ritual human sacrifice promoted and sustained the evolution of stratified so..., 2016 - 2 Variables

    The social control hypothesis suggests that ritual human sacrifice may have played an important role in the evolution of social stratification, functioning to legitimize class-based power distinctions by pairing displays of ultimate authority with supernatural justifications. Authors test this hypothesis about human sacrifice with a phylogenetic analysis of 93 Austronesian cultures.

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  9. Human sacrifice can co-evolve with social stratification (the probability of change in social stratification and the presence/absence of human sacrifice are interdependent) [Second Analysis] (229).Watts, Joseph - Ritual human sacrifice promoted and sustained the evolution of stratified so..., 2016 - 2 Variables

    The social control hypothesis suggests that ritual human sacrifice may have played an important role in the evolution of social stratification, functioning to legitimize class-based power distinctions by pairing displays of ultimate authority with supernatural justifications. Authors test this hypothesis about human sacrifice with a phylogenetic analysis of 93 Austronesian cultures.

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  10. As time since migration increases, small-scale societies will move through the following sequence of residence and descent configurations: matrilocal and patrilineal to matrilocal and bilateral to matrilocal and matrilineal to avunculocal and matrilineal to patrilocal and bilateral or patrilineal.Jones, Doug - The Matrilocal Tribe: An Organization of Demic Expansion, 2011 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the author argues that matrilocality is a form of social organization that is conducive to expansion in tribal societies with smaller populations. Because this organization increases internal solidarity and success in external warfare, the theory suggests that it is best suited for expansion on cultural frontiers by groups with small populations. The author supports this theory with empirical tests on 33 societies and case studies of Bantu and Austronesian expansion.

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