Found 2447 Hypotheses across 245 Pages (0.007 seconds)
  1. Female genital modification will be negatively associated with indigenous populations living near cities and villages.Ross, Cody T. - Frequency-Dependent Social Transmission and the Interethnic Transfer of Fema..., 2015 - 2 Variables

    Researchers examine ethnographic literature from Africa and Colombia and conduct interviews in 12 Colombian cities with the aim of exploring the connection between female genital modification (FGMo) in Colombia and Africa. They theorize that the trans-atlantic slave trade was the start of sociocultural transmission of FGMo pratices to Colombia, and that this will be evident based on the presence of FGMo practices and the composition and connectivity of populations.

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  2. Female genital modification will be negatively associated with the current populations compared to previous generations.Ross, Cody T. - Frequency-Dependent Social Transmission and the Interethnic Transfer of Fema..., 2015 - 2 Variables

    Researchers examine ethnographic literature from Africa and Colombia and conduct interviews in 12 Colombian cities with the aim of exploring the connection between female genital modification (FGMo) in Colombia and Africa. They theorize that the trans-atlantic slave trade was the start of sociocultural transmission of FGMo pratices to Colombia, and that this will be evident based on the presence of FGMo practices and the composition and connectivity of populations.

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  3. Female genital modification will be positively associated with indigenous populations when they are the demographic minority compared with the Afrocolombian majority.Ross, Cody T. - Frequency-Dependent Social Transmission and the Interethnic Transfer of Fema..., 2015 - 2 Variables

    Researchers examine ethnographic literature from Africa and Colombia and conduct interviews in 12 Colombian cities with the aim of exploring the connection between female genital modification (FGMo) in Colombia and Africa. They theorize that the trans-atlantic slave trade was the start of sociocultural transmission of FGMo pratices to Colombia, and that this will be evident based on the presence of FGMo practices and the composition and connectivity of populations.

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  4. Social stratification will be associated with the origins and transmission of female genital modification. (174)Ross, Cody T. - The Origins and Maintenance of Female Genital Modification across Africa, 2016 - 2 Variables

    The researchers develop and compare two evolutionary models to evaluate the association between social stratification and female genital modification(FGMo) in a cross-cultural African sample, theorizing that social hierarchy creates competition for high-value males in which FGMo acts as a costly demonstration of paternity certainty. Although the null model outperforms the stratification model when applied to empirical data, an association between FGMo and stratification is found in the expected direction. The authors suggest that while stratification may be an important factor in the de novo origins of FGMo, spread and persistence of the practice subsequently become more heavily dependent on other selective forces.

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  5. Stratified agricultural economies will be associated with an increased frequency of poor men lacking the resources to secure wives polygynously (1)Ross, Cody T. - Greater wealth inequality, less polygyny: rethinking the polygyny threshold ..., 2018 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors reconsider the polygyny threshold model in order to account for the "polygyny paradox." This paradox, as the authors define it, is the trend away from polygyny as societies adopt stratified agricultural economies. This is despite an increase in both the importance of material wealth and greater leaves of wealth inequality both of which would otherwise suggest increased polygyny. The authors develop a new model that does account for this paradox.

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  6. Virginity tests are positively associated with excision (196)Ericksen, Karen Paige - Female genital mutilations in africa, 1989 - 2 Variables

    Female genital mutilations within Africa are associated with strong fraternal interest groups, virginity tests, and conservative permarital sex norms. Codes and ratings for female genital mutilations, virginity tests, premarital sex norms, and female initiation rites are presented in this article.

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  7. Stratified agricultural economies will be associated with diminishing marginal fitness returns provided by additional polygynous wives which prevent men from having as many wives as their wealth might otherwise predict (2)Ross, Cody T. - Greater wealth inequality, less polygyny: rethinking the polygyny threshold ..., 2018 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors reconsider the polygyny threshold model in order to account for the "polygyny paradox." This paradox, as the authors define it, is the trend away from polygyny as societies adopt stratified agricultural economies. This is despite an increase in both the importance of material wealth and greater leaves of wealth inequality both of which would otherwise suggest increased polygyny. The authors develop a new model that does account for this paradox.

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  8. Disapproval of premarital sex is positively associated with excision (196)Ericksen, Karen Paige - Female genital mutilations in africa, 1989 - 2 Variables

    Female genital mutilations within Africa are associated with strong fraternal interest groups, virginity tests, and conservative permarital sex norms. Codes and ratings for female genital mutilations, virginity tests, premarital sex norms, and female initiation rites are presented in this article.

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  9. Scarification will be negatively associated with genital mutilation (157).Ludvico, Lisa Rose - Symbolic or not-so-symbolic wounds: the behavioral ecology of human scarific..., 1995 - 2 Variables

    This article tests four hypotheses regarding scarification, which is described as 1) a rite of passage, 2) a hardening/trauma procedure, 3) a nonadaptive sexually selected character, or 4) an adaptive pathogen driven sexually selected character. Only the third hypothesis is supported in a worldwide sample, suggesting that scarification is associated with polygyny. The other three are each supported in different regional subsamples—principally the first hypothesis (supported in Africa, the Insular Pacific, and South America).

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  10. Polygyny is positively associated with female genital mutilation (153-154)Wilson, Christopher G. - Male genital mutilation: an adaptation to sexual conflict, 2008 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the "sexual conflict" hypothesis which predicts that male genital mutilation should be associated with polygyny and a reduction in the frequency of extramarital sex. Male genital mutilation (MGM) rituals should be highly public and facilitate access to social benefits. Support for these assumptions is provided.

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