Found 2537 Hypotheses across 254 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. Cultural heritage will be related to a society's approach to competition (379).Hayward, R. David - How competition is viewed across cultures: a test of four theories, 2007 - 3 Variables

    This study draws upon theory from Marx, Weber, postmaterialism, individualism and system justification to explore cultural attitudes and beliefs surroudning competition. Authors test relationships between the attitudes towards competition and economic and religious variables.

    Related HypothesesCite
  2. In colder climates, infants will more likely be carried in cradles. In warmer climates, infants will more likely be carried in slings (164).Whiting, John W.M. - Environmental constraints on infant care practices, 1981 - 2 Variables

    This chapter examines infant carrying practices across cultures. The author suggests that infant carrying practices are affected by both climate and history. Findings indicate regional patterns in infant carrying practices and in the borrowing of infant carrying practices within regions. Results support the hypothesis.

    Related HypothesesCite
  3. ". . . songs in societies where infant stress is practiced will be characterized by more forceful accent than songs in societies where infant stress is absent" (213).Ayres, Barbara - Effects of infantile stimulation on musical behavior, 1968 - 2 Variables

    This chapter tests the influences of physiological stressors during infancy on different aspects of musical behavior. Findings suggest that songs in societies where infantile stress is practiced will be characterized by stronger accents and a wider range.

    Related HypothesesCite
  4. ". . . songs from societies where infant stress is present would be characterized by wider range than songs from societies where stress is absent" (213).Ayres, Barbara - Effects of infantile stimulation on musical behavior, 1968 - 2 Variables

    This chapter tests the influences of physiological stressors during infancy on different aspects of musical behavior. Findings suggest that songs in societies where infantile stress is practiced will be characterized by stronger accents and a wider range.

    Related HypothesesCite
  5. There is a positive relationship between song and behavior cross-culturally.Mehr, Samuel A. - Universality and diversity in human song, 2019 - 2 Variables

    In asking whether or not there are meaningful universals in music, researchers compiled two catalogs – the Natural History of Song (NHS) Ethnography which contains ethnographic descriptions of song performances collected from eHRAF World Cultures, and the NHS Discography, which contains field recordings of performances of dance, healing, love, and lullaby. Using these two corpora, the study tests a variety of hypotheses about the universality and variability of both music behavior and music form. Specifically, whether there are meaningful universals in meaning and sound. The catalog of published sound recordings was analyzed by machine summaries, listener ratings, and manual transcriptions, which revealed that there were identifiable features of songs which could then predict their primary function cross-culturally. The results as a whole revealed that the existence of music is a cultural universal, and that the variation within music can be characterized by three factors assessing the formality, arousal, and religiosity of the song events. They also found that musical behavior varies more within societies than between them.

    Related HypothesesCite
  6. ". . . an important mother, a good deal of indulgence, and a stress upon achievement or self-reliance tended to go with cultural practices that were related to a high frequency of drunkenness" (72)Davis, William N. - A cross-cultural study of drunkenness, 1964 - 6 Variables

    This study examines the influence of the "child-adult" conflict on the frequency of drunkenness in a culture. In particular, the author examines the socio-psychological factors that can induce a child-adult conflict, claiming that this conflict may be more common when mothers are the primary dispensers of rewards.

    Related HypothesesCite
  7. The acoustic properties of a song are positively correlated to behavior contexts cross-culturally.Mehr, Samuel A. - Universality and diversity in human song, 2019 - 2 Variables

    In asking whether or not there are meaningful universals in music, researchers compiled two catalogs – the Natural History of Song (NHS) Ethnography which contains ethnographic descriptions of song performances collected from eHRAF World Cultures, and the NHS Discography, which contains field recordings of performances of dance, healing, love, and lullaby. Using these two corpora, the study tests a variety of hypotheses about the universality and variability of both music behavior and music form. Specifically, whether there are meaningful universals in meaning and sound. The catalog of published sound recordings was analyzed by machine summaries, listener ratings, and manual transcriptions, which revealed that there were identifiable features of songs which could then predict their primary function cross-culturally. The results as a whole revealed that the existence of music is a cultural universal, and that the variation within music can be characterized by three factors assessing the formality, arousal, and religiosity of the song events. They also found that musical behavior varies more within societies than between them.

    Related HypothesesCite
  8. Mothers who raise their children in multiple family dwellings rather than in private dwellings will tend to be more controlled emotionally, as evidenced by low levels of warmth, hostility, praise, and punishment.Minturn, Leigh - The antecedents of child training: a cross-cultural test of some hypotheses, 1964 - 6 Variables

    This book chapter examines relationships between the child-training behavior of mothers and the responsibilities of both mothers and others. Child-training behavior is also examined in relation to single and multiple family dwellings.

    Related HypothesesCite
  9. Borrowing in infant carrying practices will be seen within cool and cold climates and within warm and hot climates, but not between these regions (164).Whiting, John W.M. - Environmental constraints on infant care practices, 1981 - 2 Variables

    This chapter examines infant carrying practices across cultures. The author suggests that infant carrying practices are affected by both climate and history. Findings indicate regional patterns in infant carrying practices and in the borrowing of infant carrying practices within regions. Results support the hypothesis.

    Related HypothesesCite
  10. ". . . the control of sexual impulses during childhood and adolescence [are] . . . a major problem [in polygynous mother-child households with exclusive mother-infant sleeping arrangements]" (182)Whiting, John W.M. - The learning of values, 1974 - 2 Variables

    Building on comparative study of the Mormons, Texans, and Zuni in the Rimrock area of Southwestern U.S., the authors cross-cultural test some hypotheses cross-culturally.

    Related HypothesesCite