Found 3725 Hypotheses across 373 Pages (0.074 seconds)
  1. Certain characteristics of societies will be significantly correlated in the same direction with both Simmons' (137) and Murdock's (1967) measures of private property ownership.Rudmin, Floyd Webster - Cross-Cultural Correlates of the Ownership of Private Property, 1992 - 25 Variables

    The present study aims to assess the reliability of Simmons' (1937) database of 109 variables coded for 71 societies. Simmons' data was evaluated against matching societies and variables from Murdock's (1967) Ethnographic Atlas. The ultimate purpose of Rudmin's analysis is to identify the features of societies that are correlated with the private ownership of property. To do so, Simmons' reliable variables are tested against four measures of property ownership, two from Simmons and two from Murdock. Rudmin discusses results and speculates why certain clusters of societal variables correlate with private property ownership.

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  2. Zelman's (1974), Simmons's (1937), Swanson's (1960/1966), and Murdock's (1967) measures of property will cross-correlate (i.e. be replicable).Rudmin, Floyd Webster - Cross-cultural correlates of the ownership of private property: Zelman's gen..., 1996 - 14 Variables

    This article analyzes the predictors of private property ownership with an aim to replicate existing correlations using data from the dissertation of Zelman (1974).

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  3. The presence of horses, food storage, and formal resource ownership will each be negatively associated with a lack of class stratificationHooper, Paul L. - Gains to cooperation drive the evolution of egalitarianism, 2021 - 4 Variables

    This article is mainly concerned with understanding the motivators toward egalitarianism through modeling via a game that combined elements from both hawk-dove and prisoners dilemma. While most of the article is focused on this model, the researchers also tested their hypotheses cross-culturally on a sample of forager societies. In both cases, they found evidence that the benefits of cooperation drove egalitarianism.

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  4. Resource intensification will be associated with the development of social inequality.Haynie, Hannah J. - Pathways to social inequality, 2021 - 3 Variables

    In this study, the authors examine pathways to social inequality, specifically social class hierarchy, in 408 non-industrial societies. In a path model, they find social class hierarchy to be directly associated with increased population size, intensive agriculture and large animal husbandry, real property inheritance (unigeniture) and hereditary political succession, with an overall R-squared of 0.45. They conclude that a complex web of effects consisting of environmental variables, mediated by resource intensification, wealth transmission variables, and population size all shape social inequality.

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  5. Zelman's (1974) index of private ownership will have the same sign as the correlation with Murdock's (1967) index of private ownership and both will have a null probability of p<.05.Rudmin, Floyd Webster - Cross-cultural correlates of the ownership of private property: Zelman's gen..., 1996 - 23 Variables

    This article analyzes the predictors of private property ownership with an aim to replicate existing correlations using data from the dissertation of Zelman (1974).

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  6. Personhood of dogs (PD) will be associated with livestockChambers, Jaime - Dog-Human Coevolution: Cross-Cultural Analysis of Multiple Hypotheses, 2021 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand dog-human coevolution by considering predictors of different aspects of dog-human relationships across cultures. In order to measure dog-human relationships, the researchers created three indexes: dogs' utility for humans (DUH), humans' utility for dogs (HUD), and the personhood of dogs (PD). Each of these indexes were tested against various pre-coded variables that were empirically and theoretically relevant to this subject.

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  7. Dogs' utility for humans (DUH) will be associated with livestockChambers, Jaime - Dog-Human Coevolution: Cross-Cultural Analysis of Multiple Hypotheses, 2021 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand dog-human coevolution by considering predictors of different aspects of dog-human relationships across cultures. In order to measure dog-human relationships, the researchers created three indexes: dogs' utility for humans (DUH), humans' utility for dogs (HUD), and the personhood of dogs (PD). Each of these indexes were tested against various pre-coded variables that were empirically and theoretically relevant to this subject.

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  8. Humans' utility for dogs (HUD) will be associated with livestockChambers, Jaime - Dog-Human Coevolution: Cross-Cultural Analysis of Multiple Hypotheses, 2021 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand dog-human coevolution by considering predictors of different aspects of dog-human relationships across cultures. In order to measure dog-human relationships, the researchers created three indexes: dogs' utility for humans (DUH), humans' utility for dogs (HUD), and the personhood of dogs (PD). Each of these indexes were tested against various pre-coded variables that were empirically and theoretically relevant to this subject.

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  9. Social differentiation will be positively associated with violent crime (249).Leavitt, Gregory C. - General evolution and Durkheim's hypothesis of crime frequency: A cross-cult..., 1992 - 16 Variables

    This paper is an investigation into the relationship between social differentiation as a proxy for societal 'development' and various categories of crime. A positive relationship is interpreted by the author as empirical cross-cultural support for Durkheim's theory that these two factors will increase together as parallel processes of 'sociocultural evolution'.

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  10. Societal preference for leadership will be positively associated with favorable attitudes toward private propertyRudmin, Floyd Webster - Dominance, Social Control, and Ownership: A History and a Cross-Cultural Stu..., 1988 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the author seeks to correlate interpersonal values with attitudes toward private property. After giving a brief intellectual history on the philosophy of private property, the author draws data from the Multinational Student Survey (MSS) in order to discern attitudes towards private property and preferences for one of six psychological constructs (Support, Conformity, Recognition, Independence, Benevolence, Leadership) which were outlined in the Survey of Interpersonal Values which was itself incorporated in the aforementioned MSS. These measures were then edited in order to be correlated and the reliability of each was verified. The strongest correlations that resulted were for dominance and nonconformity. The author concludes without a theory of how to reckon with these seemingly paradoxical results.

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