Found 1970 Hypotheses across 197 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. After accounting for dispersal constraints, horizontal transmission will predict farming propensity in early twentieth century traditional societiesVilela, Bruno - Cultural transmission and ecological opportunity jointly shaped global patte..., 2020 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to investigate why some societies reject agriculture despite its many benefits. By modeling data regarding ecological fitness and cultural transmission, the authors found predictors for the degree to which a society relies on agriculture. The authors conclude that the degree of fitness a local environment had for early domesticates as well as the degree of contact with neighboring societies strongly predicts levels of dependence on agriculture.

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  2. After accounting for dispersal constraints, the potential number of early domesticates will predict farming propensity in early twentieth century traditional societiesVilela, Bruno - Cultural transmission and ecological opportunity jointly shaped global patte..., 2020 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to investigate why some societies reject agriculture despite its many benefits. By modeling data regarding ecological fitness and cultural transmission, the authors found predictors for the degree to which a society relies on agriculture. The authors conclude that the degree of fitness a local environment had for early domesticates as well as the degree of contact with neighboring societies strongly predicts levels of dependence on agriculture.

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  3. After accounting for dispersal constraints, mammal diversity will predict farming propensity in early twentieth century traditional societiesVilela, Bruno - Cultural transmission and ecological opportunity jointly shaped global patte..., 2020 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to investigate why some societies reject agriculture despite its many benefits. By modeling data regarding ecological fitness and cultural transmission, the authors found predictors for the degree to which a society relies on agriculture. The authors conclude that the degree of fitness a local environment had for early domesticates as well as the degree of contact with neighboring societies strongly predicts levels of dependence on agriculture.

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  4. Resource intensification will be associated with the development of social inequality.Haynie, Hannah J. - Pathways to social inequality, 2021 - 3 Variables

    In this study, the authors examine pathways to social inequality, specifically social class hierarchy, in 408 non-industrial societies. In a path model, they find social class hierarchy to be directly associated with increased population size, intensive agriculture and large animal husbandry, real property inheritance (unigeniture) and hereditary political succession, with an overall R-squared of 0.45. They conclude that a complex web of effects consisting of environmental variables, mediated by resource intensification, wealth transmission variables, and population size all shape social inequality.

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  5. Dependence on agriculture for subsistence will be associated with terrestrial resource stress. (81)Frederic L. Pryor - Economic Systems of Foraging, Agricultural, and Industrial Societies, 2005 - 3 Variables

    The second and third parts of this book classify the economic systems of foraging and agricultural societies in the SCCS based on correlations between their institutions of property an distribution. These economic types are then examined for relationships with other social, political, demographic, and environmental factors in order to draw tentative conclusions regarding the origins of the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions. The fourth part of the book uses cross-national data to examine similar associations in industrial/service economies, and is not included here.

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  6. Resource scarcity and plant productivity will be associated with resource utilization patterns (360).Low, Bobbi S. - Behavioral ecology of conservation in traditional societies, 1996 - 3 Variables

    This article investigates resource availability and use in traditional societies, testing the belief that traditional societies are more environmentally responsible and sustainable. The author finds that these pre-industrial societies often do not express a conservation ethic; in fact, there are cases where resource use causes environmental degradation, especially following rapid population growth or technological development. In short, resource practices are affected by ecological variables, not by a particular attitude shared by traditional societies.

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  7. Degree of environmental productivity will be related to the likelihood of plant-based agriculture versus foraging (8)Gavin, Michael C. - The global geography of human subsistence, 2018 - 3 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to determine cross-culturally valid predictors of dominant types of human subsistence around the world. They did this by formulating multiple models that incorporate different combinations of environmental, geographic, and social factors. These models were then used to test various hypotheses posed throughout the anthropological literature surrounding factors that determine dominant subsistence strategies.

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  8. Food production focused on plant-based agriculture should be more likely in more environmentally productive locations (7)Gavin, Michael C. - The global geography of human subsistence, 2018 - 4 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to determine cross-culturally valid predictors of dominant types of human subsistence around the world. They did this by formulating multiple models that incorporate different combinations of environmental, geographic, and social factors. These models were then used to test various hypotheses posed throughout the anthropological literature surrounding factors that determine dominant subsistence strategies.

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  9. Norms favoring the hereditary transmission of wealth will influence the development of institutionalized social inequality.Haynie, Hannah J. - Pathways to social inequality, 2021 - 4 Variables

    In this study, the authors examine pathways to social inequality, specifically social class hierarchy, in 408 non-industrial societies. In a path model, they find social class hierarchy to be directly associated with increased population size, intensive agriculture and large animal husbandry, real property inheritance (unigeniture) and hereditary political succession, with an overall R-squared of 0.45. They conclude that a complex web of effects consisting of environmental variables, mediated by resource intensification, wealth transmission variables, and population size all shape social inequality.

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  10. Reliance on domestication will be positively associated with property ownershipKavanaugh, Patrick - Drivers of global variation in land ownership, 2021 - 2 Variables

    Using multiple logistic regression, the researchers compare the relative strength of predictors of land ownership across 102 societies. The analysis finds significant predictive power in factors such as neighbors' property system, population density, and geography.

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