Found 2134 Hypotheses across 214 Pages (0.008 seconds)
  1. An ethnic group's share of common borders with polygynous neighboring groups will be positively correlated with their risk of intergroup conflict. (409)Koos, Carlo - Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa, 2019 - 2 Variables

    In this paper, the authors argue that polygyny creates social inequality in which economically advantaged men marry multiple women and economically disadvantaged men marry late in life or potentially never. The institution of polygyny results in a higher proportion of single men without families ("excess men"), who, the authors propose, may turn to violence to achieve higher wealth or prestige. Following this theory, the authors hypothesize that societies with more polygynous neighbors will be at higher risk for intergroup conflict, for which they find robust support. They also find that young men in polygynous societies, who are more likely to be economically disadvantaged and have less prestige, are also more likely to feel as though they are treated unequally and more ready to resort to violence, supporting the authors' theorized underlying mechanism.

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  2. Higher increases in territorial fractionalization over time will be positively correlated with violent conflict against ethnically distinct host government.Cederman, Lars-Erik - Redemption through Rebellion: Border Change, Lost Unity, and Nationalist Con..., 2022 - 2 Variables

    Using a new measure called "territorial fractionalization" to indicate the extent to which traditional societies are split across current states, the authors of this study propose that fragmentation of ethnic groups and ethnonationalism is key to understanding civil conflict. They find that higher measures of territorial fractionalization significantly predict a higher risk of civil conflict, and that greater increases in territorial fractionalization also predict greater risk of civil conflict. These results hold for a global sample of data from 1945 to 2017, as well as in European and African subsamples dating back to 1886.

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  3. Territorial fractionalization will be positively correlated with violent conflict against ethnically distinct host government.Cederman, Lars-Erik - Redemption through Rebellion: Border Change, Lost Unity, and Nationalist Con..., 2022 - 2 Variables

    Using a new measure called "territorial fractionalization" to indicate the extent to which traditional societies are split across current states, the authors of this study propose that fragmentation of ethnic groups and ethnonationalism is key to understanding civil conflict. They find that higher measures of territorial fractionalization significantly predict a higher risk of civil conflict, and that greater increases in territorial fractionalization also predict greater risk of civil conflict. These results hold for a global sample of data from 1945 to 2017, as well as in European and African subsamples dating back to 1886.

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  4. Social rewards for warriors is positively associated with intergroup conflicts.Nawata, Kengo - A glorious warrior in war: Cross-cultural evidence of honor culture, social ..., 2019 - 8 Variables

    Research sampled 143 societies from the Standard Cross Cultural Sample to test the relationship between honor culture, social rewards for warriors, and intergroup conflicts. Using mediation analysis based on multiple regression, and structural equation modeling, the research supported the theory that honor culture was positively associated with intergroup conflict, and that this relationship was mediated by social rewards for warriors.

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  5. Social rewards for warriors mediated the positive association between honor culture and intergroup conflicts.Nawata, Kengo - A glorious warrior in war: Cross-cultural evidence of honor culture, social ..., 2019 - 12 Variables

    Research sampled 143 societies from the Standard Cross Cultural Sample to test the relationship between honor culture, social rewards for warriors, and intergroup conflicts. Using mediation analysis based on multiple regression, and structural equation modeling, the research supported the theory that honor culture was positively associated with intergroup conflict, and that this relationship was mediated by social rewards for warriors.

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  6. Honor culture is positively associated with intergroup conflicts.Nawata, Kengo - A glorious warrior in war: Cross-cultural evidence of honor culture, social ..., 2019 - 8 Variables

    Research sampled 143 societies from the Standard Cross Cultural Sample to test the relationship between honor culture, social rewards for warriors, and intergroup conflicts. Using mediation analysis based on multiple regression, and structural equation modeling, the research supported the theory that honor culture was positively associated with intergroup conflict, and that this relationship was mediated by social rewards for warriors.

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  7. Internal warfare will predict the percent of married men who are polygynous.Minocher, Riana - Explaining marriage patterns in a globally representative sample through soc..., 2019 - 2 Variables

    Researchers examine marriage patterns of 186 societies from the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS). The eleven predictor variables are pathogen stress, arranged female marriages, population density, father roles during infancy, temperature, social stratification, wealth inequality, internal warfare, assault frequency, female agricultural contribution, and sex ratio. The two outcome variables measuring polygyny are cultural rules constraining polygyny and the percentage of married men who are polygynous. Controlling on phylogeny using a global supertree of the languages, analysis of marriage patterns reveals that assault frequency and pathogen stress are the strongest predictors of polygyny. These findings offer additional support for the theories of harem-defense polygyny and male genetic quality.

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  8. Strength in cross-cutting ties in decentralized societies, intercommunity marriage in decentralized societies, matrilocality, fraternal interest group strength, polygyny, socioeconomic complexity, political power concentration, harsh socialization practices, affectionate socialization practices, and male gender identity conflict will be positively associated with external conflict and violence (552)Ross, Marc Howard - Internal and external conflict and violence: cross-cultural evidence and a n..., 1985 - 11 Variables

    This article suggests a general theory of conflict and violence that may help explain the conditions under which internal conflict co-occur or are differentiated.

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  9. Internal conflict and violence, strength in cross-cutting ties in decentralized societies, intercommunity marriage in decentralized societies, matrilocality, fraternal interest group strength, polygyny, socioeconomic complexity, political power concentration, harsh socialization practices, affectionate socialization practices, and male gender identity conflict will be positively associated with external conflict and violence (554)Ross, Marc Howard - Internal and external conflict and violence: cross-cultural evidence and a n..., 1985 - 12 Variables

    This article suggests a general theory of conflict and violence that may help explain the conditions under which internal conflict co-occur or are differentiated.

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  10. Boreal forests will be negatively associated with the frequency of external warfareEff, E. Anthon - Farming and Fighting: An Empirical Analysis of the Ecological-Evolutionary T..., 2012 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to reevaluate Nolan's (2003) study on the primary determinants of war. They reanalyze his hypotheses with what they claim are more robust measures and methodology. They conclude that there is only a little evidence supporting Nolan's theories, that more productive echnology and higher population density predict war, and that overall ecological-evolutionary and sociopolitical explanations of war are equally supported by empirical data.

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