Found 2183 Hypotheses across 219 Pages (0.01 seconds)
  1. The aged of either sex, with some preference for males, have regularly been in demand as sources of information and experience, especially where no better means of preservation and transmission of knowledge is available. They are particularly active as priests and shamans. Variables such as climate, residence, stage of maintenance and family system exercise no marked influence on these special prerogatives of the aged (175)Simmons, Leo W. - The role of the aged in primitive society, 1945 - 5 Variables

    Explores 109 traits relating primarily to physical habitat, economy, political and social organization, and religion, to see how they relate to the role and treatment of the aged. General patterns were sought. Numerous ethnographic examples are given.

    Related HypothesesCite
  2. "Finally, with advancing economy, greater complexity and integration of social organization, and with a general improvement in societal stability the aged have tended to enjoy a steadily rising enhancement of status in civil and political affairs" (130)Simmons, Leo W. - The role of the aged in primitive society, 1945 - 7 Variables

    Explores 109 traits relating primarily to physical habitat, economy, political and social organization, and religion, to see how they relate to the role and treatment of the aged. General patterns were sought. Numerous ethnographic examples are given.

    Related HypothesesCite
  3. Prestige of the aged is negatively correlated with severe climate and impermanent residence. It is positively correlated for aged men and women where they have property rights and influence in government. Aged women enjoy more prestige in hunting-gathering and fishing societies and in societies where matrilineal family organization prevails. Aged men have high prestige where the food supply is constant, where family organization type is patrilineal, in herding and framing societies, and where they control secret societies for the initiation of the young (79, 80)Simmons, Leo W. - The role of the aged in primitive society, 1945 - 8 Variables

    Explores 109 traits relating primarily to physical habitat, economy, political and social organization, and religion, to see how they relate to the role and treatment of the aged. General patterns were sought. Numerous ethnographic examples are given.

    Related HypothesesCite
  4. In advanced societies, in patriarchal societies, and among herders and farmers, aged women have generally been at a distinct disadvantage in seeking young and vigorous husbands as co-laborers, providers and protectors in their old age (211)Simmons, Leo W. - The role of the aged in primitive society, 1945 - 4 Variables

    Explores 109 traits relating primarily to physical habitat, economy, political and social organization, and religion, to see how they relate to the role and treatment of the aged. General patterns were sought. Numerous ethnographic examples are given.

    Related HypothesesCite
  5. "In short, organized priesthood appears as a product of more complex and highly developed social systems, and it is in these that the aged have found the best opportunities for the exercise of priestly functions"Simmons, Leo W. - The role of the aged in primitive society, 1945 - 2 Variables

    Explores 109 traits relating primarily to physical habitat, economy, political and social organization, and religion, to see how they relate to the role and treatment of the aged. General patterns were sought. Numerous ethnographic examples are given.

    Related HypothesesCite
  6. "Statistically, analysis reveals that the practice [killing the aged] has been most prevalent where the climate has been severe, where residence has been impermanent, and the food supply irregular; it has also been observed . . . among collectors, hunters, herders, and fishers" (240)Simmons, Leo W. - The role of the aged in primitive society, 1945 - 5 Variables

    Explores 109 traits relating primarily to physical habitat, economy, political and social organization, and religion, to see how they relate to the role and treatment of the aged. General patterns were sought. Numerous ethnographic examples are given.

    Related HypothesesCite
  7. Aged men had more success in marrying younger women in patriarchal societies, among herders, and more advance societies (211-212)Simmons, Leo W. - The role of the aged in primitive society, 1945 - 6 Variables

    Explores 109 traits relating primarily to physical habitat, economy, political and social organization, and religion, to see how they relate to the role and treatment of the aged. General patterns were sought. Numerous ethnographic examples are given.

    Related HypothesesCite
  8. Patrilocality will be positively associated with men's training for obedience (p. 312).Low, Bobbi S. - Cross-cultural patterns in the training of children: an evolutionary perspective, 1989 - 3 Variables

    This article offers a behavioral ecological approach to the study of child training practicies. Gender differences in child training are discussed in light of evolutionary theory, and the author suggests training is likely tailored to promote the reproductive success of each gender. Generally, boys are trained to be more aggressive, stronger, and self-reliant; girls are trained to be more hard-working, responsible, obedient, and sexually restrained. Gender differences in child training frequently vary with degree of polygyny and/or social stratification in a society.

    Related HypothesesCite
  9. Domination by old men over family affairs and a corresponding enhancement of their security are accompanied by more complex types of maintenance, a shift from matrilineal to patrilineal descent, and elaboration of government, laws, property rights, and religion (213)Simmons, Leo W. - The role of the aged in primitive society, 1945 - 6 Variables

    Explores 109 traits relating primarily to physical habitat, economy, political and social organization, and religion, to see how they relate to the role and treatment of the aged. General patterns were sought. Numerous ethnographic examples are given.

    Related HypothesesCite
  10. Among independent families, there is an association between respect for the elderly and their socially valued activities (320).McArdle, Joan L. - Respect for the elderly in preindustrial societies as related to their activity, 1981 - 3 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between respect for the elderly and their socially valued activities. Support is found for this association under certain conditions: it is significant with independent families in societies with no belief in a single god and absence of slavery. Theories of disengagement and activity among the elderly are also discussed, and the authors propose that they be considered as a continuum.

    Related HypothesesCite