Found 1601 Hypotheses across 161 Pages (0.008 seconds)
  1. There is not a core tradition of characters in Iranian tribal textile traditions; instead, the various cultural units with their set of characters ('pile-weave design') have different transmission histories.Matthews, Luke J. - Testing for Divergent Transmission Histories among Cultural Characters: A St..., 2011 - 3 Variables

    Using Bayesian phylogenetic analysis, the authors ask: "Do cultural traits exhibit different histories of transmission?". They explore two competing models regarding Iranian tribal textile tradition. First, the "hierarchically integrated system hypothesis" emphasizes the importance of a core tradition and peripheral traits that are shared among contemporaneous populations. Second, the "multiple coherent units hypothesis" suggests that the groups of cultural traits have different transmission histories. The results show more support towards the "multiple coherent units hypothesis", specifically that pile-weave designs emerge as a cultural unit with a unique phylogenetic history compared to other textile characters.

    Related HypothesesCite
  2. The gender of weaver will be associated with loom complexity (33).O'Brian, Robin - Who weaves and why? weaving, loom complexity and trade, 1999 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between craft specialization, technological complexity, the gendered division of labor, and trade. Seeking to understand the shift from women to men as primary weavers, the author finds that trade is a strong predictor but technological complexity of looms is not.

    Related HypothesesCite
  3. Social differentiation will be positively associated with violent crime (249).Leavitt, Gregory C. - General evolution and Durkheim's hypothesis of crime frequency: A cross-cult..., 1992 - 16 Variables

    This paper is an investigation into the relationship between social differentiation as a proxy for societal 'development' and various categories of crime. A positive relationship is interpreted by the author as empirical cross-cultural support for Durkheim's theory that these two factors will increase together as parallel processes of 'sociocultural evolution'.

    Related HypothesesCite
  4. Social differentiation will be positively associated with property crime (250).Leavitt, Gregory C. - General evolution and Durkheim's hypothesis of crime frequency: A cross-cult..., 1992 - 15 Variables

    This paper is an investigation into the relationship between social differentiation as a proxy for societal 'development' and various categories of crime. A positive relationship is interpreted by the author as empirical cross-cultural support for Durkheim's theory that these two factors will increase together as parallel processes of 'sociocultural evolution'.

    Related HypothesesCite
  5. The gender of weaver will be associated with trade (33).O'Brian, Robin - Who weaves and why? weaving, loom complexity and trade, 1999 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between craft specialization, technological complexity, the gendered division of labor, and trade. Seeking to understand the shift from women to men as primary weavers, the author finds that trade is a strong predictor but technological complexity of looms is not.

    Related HypothesesCite
  6. Social differentiation will be positively associated with indices of miscellaneous crime (251).Leavitt, Gregory C. - General evolution and Durkheim's hypothesis of crime frequency: A cross-cult..., 1992 - 20 Variables

    This paper is an investigation into the relationship between social differentiation as a proxy for societal 'development' and various categories of crime. A positive relationship is interpreted by the author as empirical cross-cultural support for Durkheim's theory that these two factors will increase together as parallel processes of 'sociocultural evolution'.

    Related HypothesesCite
  7. "Complex . . . technological activities, metal working with the application of fire . . . and weaving (with the use of loom or frame) [favors the development of restrictive premarital sex behavior]" (402)Murdock, George Peter - Cultural correlates of the regulation of premarital sex behavior, 1964 - 3 Variables

    This chapter examines the variables that favor restrictive premarital sex norms. Findings indicate that subsistence economy, technology, population size, political integration, belief in a high god, and residence are all correlated with premarital sex norms.

    Related HypothesesCite
  8. The evil eye belief is associated with milking and dairy production, large domestic animals, leatherworking and weaving, and metalworking (241-242)Roberts, John M. - Belief in the evil eye in world perspective, 1976 - 5 Variables

    This chapter examines the variables that are associated with the evil eye belief cross-culturally. Results suggest that the evil eye belief is significantly associated with various socioeconomic and demographic variables. All hypotheses are supported.

    Related HypothesesCite
  9. Findings: Factor T, "Level of Technology", with its stress on pottery and grain for food is suggestive of neolithic technology. The two heaviest positive loadings (oblimax rotation) were noted above. Other heavy positive loadings are: mining and smelting, prevalence of war, basketry, money, weaving, herding, agriculture, domesticated animals other than herded. Highest negative loadings are: warm climate, legendary heroes, fishing, and patrilocal residence (25)Gouldner, Alvin W. - Notes on technology and the moral order, 1962 - 14 Variables

    Using empirical data and statistical methodology, Gouldner and Peterson aim to identify fundamental dimensions across societies, examine the relationships among these dimensions, and evaluate their importance. Data analysis is largely based on factor analysis, and the authors discuss how statistical methods fit into functional social theory.

    Related HypothesesCite
  10. "Traits [loading above .5 on] rotated factor Index of Social Development [are]: permanency of residence, group life, agriculture, use of grain for food, constancy of food supply, domesticated animals other than herded, mining and smelting of metals, metals obtained from outside, pottery, weaving, money or other standard medium of exchange, trade, private property in land, power vested in a chief, codified laws, authority of judges, plutocracy, and organized priesthood" (456)Bowden, Edgar - An index of sociocultural development applicable to precivilized societies, 1969 - 19 Variables

    Using principal-components analysis, the author develops an Index of Sociocultural Development that measures the same concepts as Carneiro’s Index of Cultural Accumulation. Carneiro’s index also contains a measure of cultural elaboration which the author suggests examining further.

    Related HypothesesCite