Found 2390 Hypotheses across 239 Pages (0.008 seconds)
  1. There is a core tradition of characters ('flat-weave designs') in Iranian tribal textile traditions that changes gradually over time through descent with modification, while characters on the periphery are shared among different contemporaneous populations ('pile-weave designs').Matthews, Luke J. - Testing for Divergent Transmission Histories among Cultural Characters: A St..., 2011 - 3 Variables

    Using Bayesian phylogenetic analysis, the authors ask: "Do cultural traits exhibit different histories of transmission?". They explore two competing models regarding Iranian tribal textile tradition. First, the "hierarchically integrated system hypothesis" emphasizes the importance of a core tradition and peripheral traits that are shared among contemporaneous populations. Second, the "multiple coherent units hypothesis" suggests that the groups of cultural traits have different transmission histories. The results show more support towards the "multiple coherent units hypothesis", specifically that pile-weave designs emerge as a cultural unit with a unique phylogenetic history compared to other textile characters.

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  2. The gender of weaver will be associated with loom complexity (33).O'Brian, Robin - Who weaves and why? weaving, loom complexity and trade, 1999 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between craft specialization, technological complexity, the gendered division of labor, and trade. Seeking to understand the shift from women to men as primary weavers, the author finds that trade is a strong predictor but technological complexity of looms is not.

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  3. "Complex . . . technological activities, metal working with the application of fire . . . and weaving (with the use of loom or frame) [favors the development of restrictive premarital sex behavior]" (402)Murdock, George Peter - Cultural correlates of the regulation of premarital sex behavior, 1964 - 3 Variables

    This chapter examines the variables that favor restrictive premarital sex norms. Findings indicate that subsistence economy, technology, population size, political integration, belief in a high god, and residence are all correlated with premarital sex norms.

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  4. The gender of weaver will be associated with trade (33).O'Brian, Robin - Who weaves and why? weaving, loom complexity and trade, 1999 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between craft specialization, technological complexity, the gendered division of labor, and trade. Seeking to understand the shift from women to men as primary weavers, the author finds that trade is a strong predictor but technological complexity of looms is not.

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  5. Social differentiation will be positively associated with violent crime (249).Leavitt, Gregory C. - General evolution and Durkheim's hypothesis of crime frequency: A cross-cult..., 1992 - 16 Variables

    This paper is an investigation into the relationship between social differentiation as a proxy for societal 'development' and various categories of crime. A positive relationship is interpreted by the author as empirical cross-cultural support for Durkheim's theory that these two factors will increase together as parallel processes of 'sociocultural evolution'.

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  6. Social differentiation will be positively associated with property crime (250).Leavitt, Gregory C. - General evolution and Durkheim's hypothesis of crime frequency: A cross-cult..., 1992 - 15 Variables

    This paper is an investigation into the relationship between social differentiation as a proxy for societal 'development' and various categories of crime. A positive relationship is interpreted by the author as empirical cross-cultural support for Durkheim's theory that these two factors will increase together as parallel processes of 'sociocultural evolution'.

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  7. Belief in moralizing High Gods will be associated with cultural complexity (621).Stark, Rodney - Gods, rituals, and the moral order, 2001 - 8 Variables

    Stark attempts to resituate Tylor's formulation of religion by calling into question Swanson's (1960) and Peregrine's (1996) findings that supernatural sanctions and moral behavior are consistently correlated in small-scale societies. Positing that Swanson's correlations were confounded by variables related to cultural complexity, Stark tests the association of presence of moralizing Gods with cultural complexity explicitly, as well as measures of morality in various nations as provided by the World Values Survey (1990-1991). The robust correlations across cultures noted below, as well as cross-national findings, provide support for the researcher's theory that it is particular conceptions of God rather than participation in rites and rituals which empower religion to sustain complex moral culture.

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  8. ". . . patrilineal institutions [are] associated with the presence of traits indicative of higher civilization, matrilineal institutions with their absence. [Some of these are:] agriculture, [animal] domestication, writing, pottery, weaving, metals, [labor] specialization, money, [social] classes, government [and] priesthood . . ." (467)Murdock, George Peter - Correlations of matrilineal and patrilineal institutions, 1937 - 12 Variables

    This chapter investigates the various socioeconomic variables that are associated with matrilineal and patrilineal institutions. Several variables were found to correlate significantly with matrilineal and patrilineal institutions.

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  9. Social differentiation will be positively associated with indices of miscellaneous crime (251).Leavitt, Gregory C. - General evolution and Durkheim's hypothesis of crime frequency: A cross-cult..., 1992 - 20 Variables

    This paper is an investigation into the relationship between social differentiation as a proxy for societal 'development' and various categories of crime. A positive relationship is interpreted by the author as empirical cross-cultural support for Durkheim's theory that these two factors will increase together as parallel processes of 'sociocultural evolution'.

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  10. The evil eye belief is associated with milking and dairy production, large domestic animals, leatherworking and weaving, and metalworking (241-242)Roberts, John M. - Belief in the evil eye in world perspective, 1976 - 5 Variables

    This chapter examines the variables that are associated with the evil eye belief cross-culturally. Results suggest that the evil eye belief is significantly associated with various socioeconomic and demographic variables. All hypotheses are supported.

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