Found 2370 Hypotheses across 237 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. "[In] societies where there was low constancy of presence of the nurturant agent, there was no separate name for the mother. . . . [Societies] where there was high constancy of presence of the nurturant agent . . . had a separate name for the mother" (112)Zern, David - The relationship between mother/infant contact and later differentiation of ..., 1972 - 2 Variables

    This study examines the relationship between mother absence in child rearing and kinship terminology, particularly the differentiation of daughters and nieces. A significant association is found and the author offers theories of causality in both directions.

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  2. "There is a strong tendency . . . for some social objects (nieces and daughters) to be undifferentiated by the culture's language, where child rearing practices typically keep the mother and child in close contact. Conversely, where early separation does occur, greater linguistic discrimination is the rule" (114)Zern, David - The relationship between mother/infant contact and later differentiation of ..., 1972 - 2 Variables

    This study examines the relationship between mother absence in child rearing and kinship terminology, particularly the differentiation of daughters and nieces. A significant association is found and the author offers theories of causality in both directions.

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  3. "As the political complexity of a society as a whole increases, so does the number of political offices within its constituent communities" (43)Befu, Harumi - Political complexity and village community: test of an hypothesis, 1966 - 2 Variables

    This article examines how an increase in overall societal complexity affects local political offices. Findings suggest that a more complex society has a slight tendency to develop more political offices within the community, but there is greater support for an increased number of jurisdictional levels within the community.

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  4. Disequilibrium in child-rearing will be positively associated with cultural complexity (127).Zern, David S. - Child-rearing practices and societal complexity: effect of disequilibrium on..., 1980 - 2 Variables

    This study examines the relationship between disequilibrium in child-rearing and societal complexity (particularly social complexity rather than technical complexity). The author suggests that child-rearing plays a role in forming cultural dimensions.

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  5. A number of measures of stressful esperiences in development will be related to higher cognitive functioning as measured by games of strategy (169).Zern, David - Child-rearing practices and games of strategy, 1979 - 5 Variables

    This study examines the relationship between disequilibrium and cognitive development using measurements of child-rearing, presence of high gods, and games of strategy.

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  6. ". . . residential propinquity influences a society's kin avoidance. . . . [There is an] association between mother-in-law/son-in-law avoidance and [their] degree of community coresidence" (243, 247)Witkowski, Stanley - A cross-cultural test of the proximity hypothesis, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This paper tests the proximity hypothesis (used by Murdock [1949]) which posits that residential propinquity will be associated with parent-in-law avoidance and kin terminology. Several operational hypotheses are tested but none are supported. The author suggests that this finding may cast doubt other hypotheses that underlie Murdock’s findings, such as the participation hypothesis.

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  7. ". . . increasing political complexity at higher levels [will] entail more . . . delegation of authority and increased delegation of authority [will] be handled by creating new administrative levels within the village" (47)Befu, Harumi - Political complexity and village community: test of an hypothesis, 1966 - 3 Variables

    This article examines how an increase in overall societal complexity affects local political offices. Findings suggest that a more complex society has a slight tendency to develop more political offices within the community, but there is greater support for an increased number of jurisdictional levels within the community.

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  8. Findings: A factor analysis of key dimensions to describe a given culture yielded 12 factors. Factor 9, "child affection and indulgence", loaded highly and positively on high indulgence of infant and child; high display of affection to infant; high degree of drive reduction and satisfaction immediacy. Factor 9 loaded negatively on high inferred conflict regarding responsible, obedient, and self-reliant behavior for child; high degree of pain inflicted on infant by nurturant agent (61-62)Stewart, Robert A. C. - Cultural dimensions: a factor analysis of textor's a cross-cultural summary, 1972 - 6 Variables

    This article uses factor analysis to identify the key variables underlying the many cross-cultural associations reported by Textor (1967). Twelve factors are identified.

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  9. "Adult males are on the average taller in societies judged to practice periodic mother-infant separation than they are in societies where such customs are judged to be weak" (199)Gunders, Shulamith - Mother-infant separation and physical growth, 1968 - 2 Variables

    This study examines the relationship between adult male height and mother-infant separation. Results indicate that males who are separated from their mothers briefly during infancy are taller in adulthood than those who are not.

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  10. "The residential proximity hypothesis suggests that institutionalized avoidance practices should be more likely to occur when the avoiding parties are living in the same household than when they are just living in the same community." [Mother-in-law/son-in-law avoidance increases with the degree of household co-residence] (249)Witkowski, Stanley - A cross-cultural test of the proximity hypothesis, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This paper tests the proximity hypothesis (used by Murdock [1949]) which posits that residential propinquity will be associated with parent-in-law avoidance and kin terminology. Several operational hypotheses are tested but none are supported. The author suggests that this finding may cast doubt other hypotheses that underlie Murdock’s findings, such as the participation hypothesis.

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