Found 25 Hypotheses across 3 Pages (0.002 seconds)
  1. Measures of fairness toward anonymous others will be positively associated with market integration (1480).Henrich, Joseph - Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment, 2010 - 2 Variables

    In order to explore the evolution of mutually beneficial transactions in large societies, this experimental study gathered data on the way people in societies of different subsistence types played games simulating interactions with anonymous others. The degree of fairness displayed by different players was correlated with measures of large-scale institutions, such as a market or world religion, that were present in a player’s society. Results suggest that “modern prosociality is not solely the product of an innate psychology, but also reflects norms and institutions that have emerged over the course of human history” (1480).

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  2. Measures of fairness toward anonymous others will be positively associated with adherence to a world religion (1481).Henrich, Joseph - Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment, 2010 - 2 Variables

    In order to explore the evolution of mutually beneficial transactions in large societies, this experimental study gathered data on the way people in societies of different subsistence types played games simulating interactions with anonymous others. The degree of fairness displayed by different players was correlated with measures of large-scale institutions, such as a market or world religion, that were present in a player’s society. Results suggest that “modern prosociality is not solely the product of an innate psychology, but also reflects norms and institutions that have emerged over the course of human history” (1480).

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  3. Costly punishment behavior in economic games will be present across a diverse range of human populations (1770).Henrich, Joseph - Costly punishment across human societies, 2006 - 1 Variables

    This study examines costly punishment behavior across cultures. Authors conducted economic games in a variety of societies and found that costly punishment behavior occurs to varied degrees across cultures. Results also suggest that altruistic behavior is associated with costly punishment behavior.

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  4. The magnitude of costly punishment behavior in economic games will vary among a diverse sample of cultures (1770).Henrich, Joseph - Costly punishment across human societies, 2006 - 1 Variables

    This study examines costly punishment behavior across cultures. Authors conducted economic games in a variety of societies and found that costly punishment behavior occurs to varied degrees across cultures. Results also suggest that altruistic behavior is associated with costly punishment behavior.

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  5. Costly punishment behavior will be assoicated with altruistic behavior in economic games (1770).Henrich, Joseph - Costly punishment across human societies, 2006 - 2 Variables

    This study examines costly punishment behavior across cultures. Authors conducted economic games in a variety of societies and found that costly punishment behavior occurs to varied degrees across cultures. Results also suggest that altruistic behavior is associated with costly punishment behavior.

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  6. In an economic game, people will behave in a way that maximizes their own gain (803).Henrich, Joseph - "Economic man" in cross-cultural perspective: behavioral experiments in 15 s..., 2005 - 1 Variables

    This article presents the results of economic behavior experiments conducted on members of 15 small scale societies. Although three different economic experiments were conducted, findings focus on the results of the "Ultimatum Game." The authors found that no society adhered to behavior predicted by the "selfishness axiom" which suggests that individuals will behave in a way that maximizes their own gain. Authors also discuss possible predictors of behavioral variation within and between groups.

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  7. An individual's age, sex, level of formal education, and wealth relative to others in their group will predict variations in behavior in an economic game (807).Henrich, Joseph - "Economic man" in cross-cultural perspective: behavioral experiments in 15 s..., 2005 - 5 Variables

    This article presents the results of economic behavior experiments conducted on members of 15 small scale societies. Although three different economic experiments were conducted, findings focus on the results of the "Ultimatum Game." The authors found that no society adhered to behavior predicted by the "selfishness axiom" which suggests that individuals will behave in a way that maximizes their own gain. Authors also discuss possible predictors of behavioral variation within and between groups.

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  8. Differences in market integration and local importance of cooperation will be associated with variation in economic behavior between groups (797).Henrich, Joseph - "Economic man" in cross-cultural perspective: behavioral experiments in 15 s..., 2005 - 3 Variables

    This article presents the results of economic behavior experiments conducted on members of 15 small scale societies. Although three different economic experiments were conducted, findings focus on the results of the "Ultimatum Game." The authors found that no society adhered to behavior predicted by the "selfishness axiom" which suggests that individuals will behave in a way that maximizes their own gain. Authors also discuss possible predictors of behavioral variation within and between groups.

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  9. Monogamous marriage reduces the intensity of intrasexual competition (660)Henrich, Joseph - The puzzle of monogamous marriage, 2012 - 2 Variables

    Observing that rates of polygynous marriage tend to increase with wealth difference, the authors of this paper attempt to understand why monogamous marriage has flourished in Europe and other parts of the world even as wealth differences have expanded. The authors theorize that monogamous marriage promotes the success of the groups that employ the practice by suppressing intra-group competition and that this is what has happened in Europe. Subsequently, the authors test hypotheses that are implicated in this theory.

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  10. Normative monogamy reduces crime (662)Henrich, Joseph - The puzzle of monogamous marriage, 2012 - 2 Variables

    Observing that rates of polygynous marriage tend to increase with wealth difference, the authors of this paper attempt to understand why monogamous marriage has flourished in Europe and other parts of the world even as wealth differences have expanded. The authors theorize that monogamous marriage promotes the success of the groups that employ the practice by suppressing intra-group competition and that this is what has happened in Europe. Subsequently, the authors test hypotheses that are implicated in this theory.

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